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Cross-cultural patterns in college student drinking and its consequences--a comparison between the USA and Sweden.

Ståhlbrandt H, Andersson C, Johnsson KO, Tollison SJ, Berglund M, Larimer ME - Alcohol Alcohol. (2008)

Bottom Line: Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall.Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa.More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Alcohol Research, Entrance 108, UMAS, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden. henrietta.stahlbrandt@med.lu.se

ABSTRACT

Aims: The aim of the study was to compare alcohol use, consequences and common risk factors between American and Swedish college students.

Methods: A secondary comparative analysis from one American and two Swedish studies in college settings.

Results: Swedish freshmen report higher alcohol use than US freshmen students. Swedish residence hall students report higher alcohol use than US residence hall students, but lower than American fraternity/sorority members. US students were less likely to be drinkers. Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall.

Conclusions: Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa. More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history.

Show MeSH
Covarying for age, the relationship between family history of alcohol use and harmful drinking is moderated by country of residence for freshmen women. Circles: USA, triangles: Sweden.
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Figure 3: Covarying for age, the relationship between family history of alcohol use and harmful drinking is moderated by country of residence for freshmen women. Circles: USA, triangles: Sweden.

Mentions: Finally, results indicated a significant positive relationship of family history to harmful drinking for women (β = 0.08, t(2, 3630) = 4.68, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.006), but not for men (β = 0.01, t(2, 2324) = 0.61, P = 0.541, ΔR2 = 0.000). This relationship was moderated for women by country (β = −0.04, t(4, 3628) = −2.09, P = 0.036). While the family history of drinking problems was positively related to harmful drinking for women in both countries, tests of simple slopes revealed that this relationship was stronger for US women (β = 0.13) than for Swedish women (β = 0.04; Fig. 3).


Cross-cultural patterns in college student drinking and its consequences--a comparison between the USA and Sweden.

Ståhlbrandt H, Andersson C, Johnsson KO, Tollison SJ, Berglund M, Larimer ME - Alcohol Alcohol. (2008)

Covarying for age, the relationship between family history of alcohol use and harmful drinking is moderated by country of residence for freshmen women. Circles: USA, triangles: Sweden.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2570849&req=5

Figure 3: Covarying for age, the relationship between family history of alcohol use and harmful drinking is moderated by country of residence for freshmen women. Circles: USA, triangles: Sweden.
Mentions: Finally, results indicated a significant positive relationship of family history to harmful drinking for women (β = 0.08, t(2, 3630) = 4.68, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.006), but not for men (β = 0.01, t(2, 2324) = 0.61, P = 0.541, ΔR2 = 0.000). This relationship was moderated for women by country (β = −0.04, t(4, 3628) = −2.09, P = 0.036). While the family history of drinking problems was positively related to harmful drinking for women in both countries, tests of simple slopes revealed that this relationship was stronger for US women (β = 0.13) than for Swedish women (β = 0.04; Fig. 3).

Bottom Line: Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall.Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa.More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Alcohol Research, Entrance 108, UMAS, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden. henrietta.stahlbrandt@med.lu.se

ABSTRACT

Aims: The aim of the study was to compare alcohol use, consequences and common risk factors between American and Swedish college students.

Methods: A secondary comparative analysis from one American and two Swedish studies in college settings.

Results: Swedish freshmen report higher alcohol use than US freshmen students. Swedish residence hall students report higher alcohol use than US residence hall students, but lower than American fraternity/sorority members. US students were less likely to be drinkers. Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall.

Conclusions: Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa. More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history.

Show MeSH