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Cross-cultural patterns in college student drinking and its consequences--a comparison between the USA and Sweden.

Ståhlbrandt H, Andersson C, Johnsson KO, Tollison SJ, Berglund M, Larimer ME - Alcohol Alcohol. (2008)

Bottom Line: Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall.Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa.More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Alcohol Research, Entrance 108, UMAS, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden. henrietta.stahlbrandt@med.lu.se

ABSTRACT

Aims: The aim of the study was to compare alcohol use, consequences and common risk factors between American and Swedish college students.

Methods: A secondary comparative analysis from one American and two Swedish studies in college settings.

Results: Swedish freshmen report higher alcohol use than US freshmen students. Swedish residence hall students report higher alcohol use than US residence hall students, but lower than American fraternity/sorority members. US students were less likely to be drinkers. Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall.

Conclusions: Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa. More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history.

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The relationship between age and harmful drinking is moderated by country of residence among freshmen women. Circles: USA, triangles: Sweden.
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Figure 1: The relationship between age and harmful drinking is moderated by country of residence among freshmen women. Circles: USA, triangles: Sweden.

Mentions: Regression results for country of residence as a moderator of the relationship between age and harmful drinking revealed that age was negatively related to harmful drinking for men (β = 0.08, t(1, 2646) = 4.24, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.007) and women (β = −0.07, t(1, 4209) = −4.78, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.005) in both countries (note: because men in the Swedish sample were older than men in the US sample, with age entered as the predictor in step 1, β is positive and equal to 0.08). When country of residence is entered into the model at step 2, β = −0.08 suggesting that, within each sample, drinking is negatively associated with age. Swedish origin was positively related to harmful drinking for both men (β = 0.32, t(2, 2645) = 15.32, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.081) and women (β = 0.15, t(2, 4208) = 8.05, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.015). For women (β = −0.08, t(3, 4207) = 2.92, P = 0.004, ΔR2 = 0.002), but not for men (β = −0.06, t(3, 2644) = −1.94, P = 0.052, ΔR2 = 0.001), country of residence moderated the relationship between age and harmful drinking outcomes. Figure 1 presents predicted harmful drinking scores from the regression equation for women where high and low values of age are specified as one standard deviation above and below the mean, respectively. Tests of simple slopes reveal that the relationship between age and harmful drinking has a stronger negative slope for Swedish freshmen females (β = −0.19) compared to US freshmen females (β = −0.08). A similar but non-significant trend was observed for men. As a result, age was entered as a covariate in Step 1 of all subsequent analyses.


Cross-cultural patterns in college student drinking and its consequences--a comparison between the USA and Sweden.

Ståhlbrandt H, Andersson C, Johnsson KO, Tollison SJ, Berglund M, Larimer ME - Alcohol Alcohol. (2008)

The relationship between age and harmful drinking is moderated by country of residence among freshmen women. Circles: USA, triangles: Sweden.
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2570849&req=5

Figure 1: The relationship between age and harmful drinking is moderated by country of residence among freshmen women. Circles: USA, triangles: Sweden.
Mentions: Regression results for country of residence as a moderator of the relationship between age and harmful drinking revealed that age was negatively related to harmful drinking for men (β = 0.08, t(1, 2646) = 4.24, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.007) and women (β = −0.07, t(1, 4209) = −4.78, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.005) in both countries (note: because men in the Swedish sample were older than men in the US sample, with age entered as the predictor in step 1, β is positive and equal to 0.08). When country of residence is entered into the model at step 2, β = −0.08 suggesting that, within each sample, drinking is negatively associated with age. Swedish origin was positively related to harmful drinking for both men (β = 0.32, t(2, 2645) = 15.32, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.081) and women (β = 0.15, t(2, 4208) = 8.05, P < 0.001, ΔR2 = 0.015). For women (β = −0.08, t(3, 4207) = 2.92, P = 0.004, ΔR2 = 0.002), but not for men (β = −0.06, t(3, 2644) = −1.94, P = 0.052, ΔR2 = 0.001), country of residence moderated the relationship between age and harmful drinking outcomes. Figure 1 presents predicted harmful drinking scores from the regression equation for women where high and low values of age are specified as one standard deviation above and below the mean, respectively. Tests of simple slopes reveal that the relationship between age and harmful drinking has a stronger negative slope for Swedish freshmen females (β = −0.19) compared to US freshmen females (β = −0.08). A similar but non-significant trend was observed for men. As a result, age was entered as a covariate in Step 1 of all subsequent analyses.

Bottom Line: Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall.Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa.More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Alcohol Research, Entrance 108, UMAS, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden. henrietta.stahlbrandt@med.lu.se

ABSTRACT

Aims: The aim of the study was to compare alcohol use, consequences and common risk factors between American and Swedish college students.

Methods: A secondary comparative analysis from one American and two Swedish studies in college settings.

Results: Swedish freshmen report higher alcohol use than US freshmen students. Swedish residence hall students report higher alcohol use than US residence hall students, but lower than American fraternity/sorority members. US students were less likely to be drinkers. Controlling for age, country moderated the relationship between family history and harmful drinking scores for women (stronger in the USA), and between expectancies and harmful drinking scores for men (stronger in Sweden), though in both cases this represented a small effect and patterns were similar overall.

Conclusions: Swedish students are at higher risk for alcohol use than US students, but similar patterns between aetiological predictors and outcomes in both countries suggest that research from the USA is generalizable to Swedish students and vice versa. More research is needed to better understand unique relationships associated with age and family history.

Show MeSH