Limits...
Differences in Fcgamma receptor IIa genotypes and IgG subclass pattern of anti-malarial antibodies between sympatric ethnic groups in Mali.

Israelsson E, Vafa M, Maiga B, Lysén A, Iriemenam NC, Dolo A, Doumbo OK, Troye-Blomberg M, Berzins K - Malar. J. (2008)

Bottom Line: The Fulani showed higher levels of anti-malarial IgG1, -2 and -3 antibodies, with a higher proportion of IgG2, than the Dogon.In the Fulani, H-allele carriers had higher anti-malarial IgG2 levels than R/R homozygotes, while in the Dogon, the R-allele carriers showed the higher IgG2 levels.For anti-malarial IgG3, the R-allele carriers in the Fulani had higher levels than the H/H homozygotes.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Immunology, Wenner-Gren Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

ABSTRACT

Background: The Ig Fc receptor family is an important link between the humoral and cellular immune systems. The association of a dimorphism in amino acid 131 (R/H) of the FcgammaRIIa with malaria severity, the R-allele being associated with a milder disease outcome, led to the investigation of the possible impact of this polymorphism in the interethnic difference in malaria susceptibility seen between the Fulani and Dogon in Mali.

Methods: Plasma from individuals from Mali (164 Fulani and 164 Dogon) were analysed for malaria-reactive and total IgG subclass antibodies using ELISA, and the same individuals were also genotyped for the FcgammaRIIa R131H polymorphism using RFLP-PCR. Statistical analyses of the IgG subclass levels were done by unpaired t-test and ANOVA, and genotype differences were tested by chi2-test.

Results: While the two ethnic groups showed a similar frequency of the FcgammaRIIa 131 R/H heterozygote genotype, 131R/R dominated over the 131 H/H genotype in the Dogon whereas the Fulani presented a similar frequency of the two homozygote genotypes. The two alleles were evenly distributed in the Fulani, while the Dogon were clearly biased towards the R-allele. The Fulani showed higher levels of anti-malarial IgG1, -2 and -3 antibodies, with a higher proportion of IgG2, than the Dogon. In the Fulani, H-allele carriers had higher anti-malarial IgG2 levels than R/R homozygotes, while in the Dogon, the R-allele carriers showed the higher IgG2 levels. For anti-malarial IgG3, the R-allele carriers in the Fulani had higher levels than the H/H homozygotes.

Conclusion: Taken together, the results showed marked interethnic differences in FcgammaRIIa R131H genotypes. Furthermore, the results indicate that the FcgammaRIIa R131H genotype may influence the IgG subclass responses related to protection against malaria, and that IgG2 may be of importance in this context.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

The distribution of total IgG subclasses (A), and P. falciparum-reactive IgG subclasses (B), as assessed by ELISA. The results are expressed in ELISA units and the values are represented as the log 10 values of the concentration of each IgG subclass. The boxes represent the values between the 25% to the 75% quartile and the line indicates the median. The whiskers indicate the 10% and the 90% quartile. Statistical analysis done by unpaired t-test. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.0001.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2553417&req=5

Figure 1: The distribution of total IgG subclasses (A), and P. falciparum-reactive IgG subclasses (B), as assessed by ELISA. The results are expressed in ELISA units and the values are represented as the log 10 values of the concentration of each IgG subclass. The boxes represent the values between the 25% to the 75% quartile and the line indicates the median. The whiskers indicate the 10% and the 90% quartile. Statistical analysis done by unpaired t-test. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.0001.

Mentions: Possible differences in relation to ethnicity or FcγRIIa genotypes and patterns of total- or anti-malarial IgG subclasses were analysed. All IgG subclasses, except for IgG4, increased in concentration with age for both ethnic groups. For total IgG subclass levels, the Dogon showed slightly higher IgG4 concentrations than the Fulani (p = 0.03), while none of the other subclasses showed any difference between the two ethnic groups (Figure 1A).


Differences in Fcgamma receptor IIa genotypes and IgG subclass pattern of anti-malarial antibodies between sympatric ethnic groups in Mali.

Israelsson E, Vafa M, Maiga B, Lysén A, Iriemenam NC, Dolo A, Doumbo OK, Troye-Blomberg M, Berzins K - Malar. J. (2008)

The distribution of total IgG subclasses (A), and P. falciparum-reactive IgG subclasses (B), as assessed by ELISA. The results are expressed in ELISA units and the values are represented as the log 10 values of the concentration of each IgG subclass. The boxes represent the values between the 25% to the 75% quartile and the line indicates the median. The whiskers indicate the 10% and the 90% quartile. Statistical analysis done by unpaired t-test. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.0001.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2553417&req=5

Figure 1: The distribution of total IgG subclasses (A), and P. falciparum-reactive IgG subclasses (B), as assessed by ELISA. The results are expressed in ELISA units and the values are represented as the log 10 values of the concentration of each IgG subclass. The boxes represent the values between the 25% to the 75% quartile and the line indicates the median. The whiskers indicate the 10% and the 90% quartile. Statistical analysis done by unpaired t-test. * P < 0.05, ** P < 0.0001.
Mentions: Possible differences in relation to ethnicity or FcγRIIa genotypes and patterns of total- or anti-malarial IgG subclasses were analysed. All IgG subclasses, except for IgG4, increased in concentration with age for both ethnic groups. For total IgG subclass levels, the Dogon showed slightly higher IgG4 concentrations than the Fulani (p = 0.03), while none of the other subclasses showed any difference between the two ethnic groups (Figure 1A).

Bottom Line: The Fulani showed higher levels of anti-malarial IgG1, -2 and -3 antibodies, with a higher proportion of IgG2, than the Dogon.In the Fulani, H-allele carriers had higher anti-malarial IgG2 levels than R/R homozygotes, while in the Dogon, the R-allele carriers showed the higher IgG2 levels.For anti-malarial IgG3, the R-allele carriers in the Fulani had higher levels than the H/H homozygotes.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Immunology, Wenner-Gren Institute, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

ABSTRACT

Background: The Ig Fc receptor family is an important link between the humoral and cellular immune systems. The association of a dimorphism in amino acid 131 (R/H) of the FcgammaRIIa with malaria severity, the R-allele being associated with a milder disease outcome, led to the investigation of the possible impact of this polymorphism in the interethnic difference in malaria susceptibility seen between the Fulani and Dogon in Mali.

Methods: Plasma from individuals from Mali (164 Fulani and 164 Dogon) were analysed for malaria-reactive and total IgG subclass antibodies using ELISA, and the same individuals were also genotyped for the FcgammaRIIa R131H polymorphism using RFLP-PCR. Statistical analyses of the IgG subclass levels were done by unpaired t-test and ANOVA, and genotype differences were tested by chi2-test.

Results: While the two ethnic groups showed a similar frequency of the FcgammaRIIa 131 R/H heterozygote genotype, 131R/R dominated over the 131 H/H genotype in the Dogon whereas the Fulani presented a similar frequency of the two homozygote genotypes. The two alleles were evenly distributed in the Fulani, while the Dogon were clearly biased towards the R-allele. The Fulani showed higher levels of anti-malarial IgG1, -2 and -3 antibodies, with a higher proportion of IgG2, than the Dogon. In the Fulani, H-allele carriers had higher anti-malarial IgG2 levels than R/R homozygotes, while in the Dogon, the R-allele carriers showed the higher IgG2 levels. For anti-malarial IgG3, the R-allele carriers in the Fulani had higher levels than the H/H homozygotes.

Conclusion: Taken together, the results showed marked interethnic differences in FcgammaRIIa R131H genotypes. Furthermore, the results indicate that the FcgammaRIIa R131H genotype may influence the IgG subclass responses related to protection against malaria, and that IgG2 may be of importance in this context.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus