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Integrated vector management: the Zambian experience.

Chanda E, Masaninga F, Coleman M, Sikaala C, Katebe C, Macdonald M, Baboo KS, Govere J, Manga L - Malar. J. (2008)

Bottom Line: The introduction and implementation of an IVM strategy was planned in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) steps towards IVM implementation namely Introduction Phase, Consolidation Phase and Expansion Phase.Zambia has successfully introduced, consolidated and expanded IVM activities.Resulting in increased coverage and utilization of interventions and markedly reducing malaria-related morbidity and mortality while ensuring a better protection of the environment.

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Affiliation: National Malaria Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Zambia. emmanuel_chanda@yahoo.co.uk

ABSTRACT

Background: The Zambian Malaria Control Programme with the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) partners have developed the current National Malaria Strategic Plan (NMSP 2006-2011) which focuses on prevention based on the Integrated Vector Management (IVM) strategy. The introduction and implementation of an IVM strategy was planned in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) steps towards IVM implementation namely Introduction Phase, Consolidation Phase and Expansion Phase.

Achievements: IVM has created commitment for Legal and Regulatory policy review, monitoring, Research and a strong stewardship by the chemical suppliers. It has also leveraged additional resources, improved inter-sectoral collaboration, capacity building and enhanced community participation which facilitated a steady scaling up in coverage and utilisation of key preventive interventions. Thus, markedly reducing malaria incidence and case fatalities in the country.

Conclusion: Zambia has successfully introduced, consolidated and expanded IVM activities. Resulting in increased coverage and utilization of interventions and markedly reducing malaria-related morbidity and mortality while ensuring a better protection of the environment.

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Trends of malaria deaths from 2002 – 2007.
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Figure 4: Trends of malaria deaths from 2002 – 2007.

Mentions: The Health Information Management System (HMIS) data [40] indicate that the incidence of malaria in IRS implementing districts has reduced markedly in the last five years as shown in Figure 3. The national incidence of malaria per thousand population has declined from 424.0 in 2003 and 374.3 in 2005 to 358.0 in 2007. Correspondingly, the trends of malaria deaths exhibit substantial reduction as depicted in Figure 4. The RBM and NMCP survey reports have as well demonstrated that parasite rates declined in children between two and nine (2–9) years from 20.1% to 7.4% in 2004 and 2006 respectively [38,41].


Integrated vector management: the Zambian experience.

Chanda E, Masaninga F, Coleman M, Sikaala C, Katebe C, Macdonald M, Baboo KS, Govere J, Manga L - Malar. J. (2008)

Trends of malaria deaths from 2002 – 2007.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2551620&req=5

Figure 4: Trends of malaria deaths from 2002 – 2007.
Mentions: The Health Information Management System (HMIS) data [40] indicate that the incidence of malaria in IRS implementing districts has reduced markedly in the last five years as shown in Figure 3. The national incidence of malaria per thousand population has declined from 424.0 in 2003 and 374.3 in 2005 to 358.0 in 2007. Correspondingly, the trends of malaria deaths exhibit substantial reduction as depicted in Figure 4. The RBM and NMCP survey reports have as well demonstrated that parasite rates declined in children between two and nine (2–9) years from 20.1% to 7.4% in 2004 and 2006 respectively [38,41].

Bottom Line: The introduction and implementation of an IVM strategy was planned in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) steps towards IVM implementation namely Introduction Phase, Consolidation Phase and Expansion Phase.Zambia has successfully introduced, consolidated and expanded IVM activities.Resulting in increased coverage and utilization of interventions and markedly reducing malaria-related morbidity and mortality while ensuring a better protection of the environment.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: National Malaria Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Zambia. emmanuel_chanda@yahoo.co.uk

ABSTRACT

Background: The Zambian Malaria Control Programme with the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) partners have developed the current National Malaria Strategic Plan (NMSP 2006-2011) which focuses on prevention based on the Integrated Vector Management (IVM) strategy. The introduction and implementation of an IVM strategy was planned in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) steps towards IVM implementation namely Introduction Phase, Consolidation Phase and Expansion Phase.

Achievements: IVM has created commitment for Legal and Regulatory policy review, monitoring, Research and a strong stewardship by the chemical suppliers. It has also leveraged additional resources, improved inter-sectoral collaboration, capacity building and enhanced community participation which facilitated a steady scaling up in coverage and utilisation of key preventive interventions. Thus, markedly reducing malaria incidence and case fatalities in the country.

Conclusion: Zambia has successfully introduced, consolidated and expanded IVM activities. Resulting in increased coverage and utilization of interventions and markedly reducing malaria-related morbidity and mortality while ensuring a better protection of the environment.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus