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EpiScanGIS: an online geographic surveillance system for meningococcal disease.

Reinhardt M, Elias J, Albert J, Frosch M, Harmsen D, Vogel U - Int J Health Geogr (2008)

Bottom Line: The integration of pathogen fine typing data in dynamic systems and visualization of spatio-temporal clusters are a technical challenge for system development.An online geographic information system (EpiScanGIS) based on open source components has been launched in Germany in May 2006 for real time provision of meningococcal typing data in conjunction with demographic information (age, incidence, population density).The system is based on open source components; its architecture is open for other infectious agents and geographic regions.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Computer Science II, University of Würzburg, Germany. mreinhardt@hygiene.uni-wuerzburg.de

ABSTRACT

Background: Surveillance of infectious diseases increasingly relies on Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The integration of pathogen fine typing data in dynamic systems and visualization of spatio-temporal clusters are a technical challenge for system development.

Results: An online geographic information system (EpiScanGIS) based on open source components has been launched in Germany in May 2006 for real time provision of meningococcal typing data in conjunction with demographic information (age, incidence, population density). Spatio-temporal clusters of disease detected by computer assisted cluster analysis (SaTScan) are visualized on maps. EpiScanGIS enables dynamic generation of animated maps. The system is based on open source components; its architecture is open for other infectious agents and geographic regions. EpiScanGIS is available at http://www.episcangis.org, and currently has 80 registered users, mostly from the public health service in Germany. At present more than 2,900 cases of invasive meningococcal disease are stored in the database (data as of June 3, 2008).

Conclusion: EpiScanGIS exemplifies GIS applications and early-warning systems in laboratory surveillance of infectious diseases.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Structure of EpiScanGIS, an online geographical information system for meningococcal disease surveillance in Germany. EpiScanGIS generates a Flash-based Rich Internet Application, which is delivered to the user upon connection. The graphical user interface (GUI) is initialized dynamically depending on the user's security role. The GUI forwards all interactions to the server-side controller and receives and displays the appropriate map and information. Technical details of the application are described in the Materials and Methods section.
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Figure 1: Structure of EpiScanGIS, an online geographical information system for meningococcal disease surveillance in Germany. EpiScanGIS generates a Flash-based Rich Internet Application, which is delivered to the user upon connection. The graphical user interface (GUI) is initialized dynamically depending on the user's security role. The GUI forwards all interactions to the server-side controller and receives and displays the appropriate map and information. Technical details of the application are described in the Materials and Methods section.

Mentions: EpiScanGIS comprises a data- and a mapserver and a publicly available web server. Data transmission, database content, and features of visualization were designed to offer the highest possible level of data protection. Only registered users may generate enlarged maps of single Federal States with enhanced resolution, and are allowed to access disease cluster information. (Currently, 80 users mainly from the public health sector have been registered). The architecture of EpiScanGIS is depicted in Fig. 1.


EpiScanGIS: an online geographic surveillance system for meningococcal disease.

Reinhardt M, Elias J, Albert J, Frosch M, Harmsen D, Vogel U - Int J Health Geogr (2008)

Structure of EpiScanGIS, an online geographical information system for meningococcal disease surveillance in Germany. EpiScanGIS generates a Flash-based Rich Internet Application, which is delivered to the user upon connection. The graphical user interface (GUI) is initialized dynamically depending on the user's security role. The GUI forwards all interactions to the server-side controller and receives and displays the appropriate map and information. Technical details of the application are described in the Materials and Methods section.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2483700&req=5

Figure 1: Structure of EpiScanGIS, an online geographical information system for meningococcal disease surveillance in Germany. EpiScanGIS generates a Flash-based Rich Internet Application, which is delivered to the user upon connection. The graphical user interface (GUI) is initialized dynamically depending on the user's security role. The GUI forwards all interactions to the server-side controller and receives and displays the appropriate map and information. Technical details of the application are described in the Materials and Methods section.
Mentions: EpiScanGIS comprises a data- and a mapserver and a publicly available web server. Data transmission, database content, and features of visualization were designed to offer the highest possible level of data protection. Only registered users may generate enlarged maps of single Federal States with enhanced resolution, and are allowed to access disease cluster information. (Currently, 80 users mainly from the public health sector have been registered). The architecture of EpiScanGIS is depicted in Fig. 1.

Bottom Line: The integration of pathogen fine typing data in dynamic systems and visualization of spatio-temporal clusters are a technical challenge for system development.An online geographic information system (EpiScanGIS) based on open source components has been launched in Germany in May 2006 for real time provision of meningococcal typing data in conjunction with demographic information (age, incidence, population density).The system is based on open source components; its architecture is open for other infectious agents and geographic regions.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Computer Science II, University of Würzburg, Germany. mreinhardt@hygiene.uni-wuerzburg.de

ABSTRACT

Background: Surveillance of infectious diseases increasingly relies on Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The integration of pathogen fine typing data in dynamic systems and visualization of spatio-temporal clusters are a technical challenge for system development.

Results: An online geographic information system (EpiScanGIS) based on open source components has been launched in Germany in May 2006 for real time provision of meningococcal typing data in conjunction with demographic information (age, incidence, population density). Spatio-temporal clusters of disease detected by computer assisted cluster analysis (SaTScan) are visualized on maps. EpiScanGIS enables dynamic generation of animated maps. The system is based on open source components; its architecture is open for other infectious agents and geographic regions. EpiScanGIS is available at http://www.episcangis.org, and currently has 80 registered users, mostly from the public health service in Germany. At present more than 2,900 cases of invasive meningococcal disease are stored in the database (data as of June 3, 2008).

Conclusion: EpiScanGIS exemplifies GIS applications and early-warning systems in laboratory surveillance of infectious diseases.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus