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Community health status indicators: adding a geospatial component.

Heitgerd JL, Dent AL, Elmore KA, Kaplan B, Holt JB, Metzler MM, Melfi K, Stanley JM, Highsmith K, Kanarek N, Frederickson Comer K - Prev Chronic Dis (2008)

Bottom Line: An Internet mapping application is being introduced in conjunction with the release of the second version of the Community Health Status Indicators (CHSI) Report.Indicators can be mapped and compared visually to other areas, including peer counties and neighboring counties.The Web site is accessible from a link on the CHSI Report Web site or directly from an Internet Web browser.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop F-09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. Jbh0@cdc.gov

ABSTRACT
An Internet mapping application is being introduced in conjunction with the release of the second version of the Community Health Status Indicators (CHSI) Report. The CHSI Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Analyst is an easy-to-use Web-based mapping application that provides new opportunities for the visualization, exploration, and understanding of the indicators. Indicators can be mapped and compared visually to other areas, including peer counties and neighboring counties. The Web site is accessible from a link on the CHSI Report Web site or directly from an Internet Web browser. In this paper, we discuss the conceptualization and implementation of this public health mapping application.

Show MeSH
aPeer counties are similar in population composition and selected demographics. There are 88 peer groupings, or strata. Strata 1 counties are grouped together because of large population size. Since CHSI was developed in 2000, some of the 34 counties in Strata 1 have been surpassed in population by counties that were not originally included in that peer grouping.
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Figure 1: aPeer counties are similar in population composition and selected demographics. There are 88 peer groupings, or strata. Strata 1 counties are grouped together because of large population size. Since CHSI was developed in 2000, some of the 34 counties in Strata 1 have been surpassed in population by counties that were not originally included in that peer grouping.

Mentions: Map scale is also a consideration. Although less critical to the CHSI GIS Internet mapping site since the data are county and state level, it is still important for presentation. For example, one of the defining and unique characteristics of CHSI is the concept of peer counties (www.communityhealth.hhs.gov). Peer counties, similar in population composition and selected demographics, are grouped into 88 peer groupings, or strata. Although some peer counties might be in close proximity, all are not likely to be near one another. For example, a number of Strata 1 counties, grouped together because of their large population size, are in southern California (e.g., Orange, San Diego, Los Angeles). Other Strata 1 counties include Cook County, Illinois; Palm Beach County, Florida; King County, Washington; and New York County, New York. A small-scale map (Figure) adequately captures the location of peer counties in a stratum but does not provide visual insight into how the counties compare to one another. A peer-county map also does not show how one county compares to its neighboring counties. Past users of CHSI said that this comparison was of interest to them.


Community health status indicators: adding a geospatial component.

Heitgerd JL, Dent AL, Elmore KA, Kaplan B, Holt JB, Metzler MM, Melfi K, Stanley JM, Highsmith K, Kanarek N, Frederickson Comer K - Prev Chronic Dis (2008)

aPeer counties are similar in population composition and selected demographics. There are 88 peer groupings, or strata. Strata 1 counties are grouped together because of large population size. Since CHSI was developed in 2000, some of the 34 counties in Strata 1 have been surpassed in population by counties that were not originally included in that peer grouping.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2483562&req=5

Figure 1: aPeer counties are similar in population composition and selected demographics. There are 88 peer groupings, or strata. Strata 1 counties are grouped together because of large population size. Since CHSI was developed in 2000, some of the 34 counties in Strata 1 have been surpassed in population by counties that were not originally included in that peer grouping.
Mentions: Map scale is also a consideration. Although less critical to the CHSI GIS Internet mapping site since the data are county and state level, it is still important for presentation. For example, one of the defining and unique characteristics of CHSI is the concept of peer counties (www.communityhealth.hhs.gov). Peer counties, similar in population composition and selected demographics, are grouped into 88 peer groupings, or strata. Although some peer counties might be in close proximity, all are not likely to be near one another. For example, a number of Strata 1 counties, grouped together because of their large population size, are in southern California (e.g., Orange, San Diego, Los Angeles). Other Strata 1 counties include Cook County, Illinois; Palm Beach County, Florida; King County, Washington; and New York County, New York. A small-scale map (Figure) adequately captures the location of peer counties in a stratum but does not provide visual insight into how the counties compare to one another. A peer-county map also does not show how one county compares to its neighboring counties. Past users of CHSI said that this comparison was of interest to them.

Bottom Line: An Internet mapping application is being introduced in conjunction with the release of the second version of the Community Health Status Indicators (CHSI) Report.Indicators can be mapped and compared visually to other areas, including peer counties and neighboring counties.The Web site is accessible from a link on the CHSI Report Web site or directly from an Internet Web browser.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop F-09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. Jbh0@cdc.gov

ABSTRACT
An Internet mapping application is being introduced in conjunction with the release of the second version of the Community Health Status Indicators (CHSI) Report. The CHSI Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Analyst is an easy-to-use Web-based mapping application that provides new opportunities for the visualization, exploration, and understanding of the indicators. Indicators can be mapped and compared visually to other areas, including peer counties and neighboring counties. The Web site is accessible from a link on the CHSI Report Web site or directly from an Internet Web browser. In this paper, we discuss the conceptualization and implementation of this public health mapping application.

Show MeSH