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The role of corticosteroids in severe community-acquired pneumonia: a systematic review.

Salluh JI, Póvoa P, Soares M, Castro-Faria-Neto HC, Bozza FA, Bozza PT - Crit Care (2008)

Bottom Line: We found four studies eligible for analysis.However, no evidence of adverse outcomes or harm is present in the evaluated studies.According to the GRADE system, available studies do not support the recommendation of corticosteroids as a standard of care for patients with severe CAP.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Intensive Care Unit, Instituto Nacional de Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Praça Cruz Vermelha, 23, 10 andar - Centro, 20230-130 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ. jorgesalluh@yahoo.com.br

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of corticosteroids on the outcomes of patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

Methods: We performed a systematic MEDLINE, Cochrane database, and CINAHL search (1966 to November 2007) to identify full-text publications that evaluated the use of corticosteroids in CAP.

Results: An initial literature search yielded 109 articles, and 105 studies were excluded after the first analysis. We found four studies eligible for analysis. On the basis of their results, the use of corticosteroids as adjunctive therapy in severe CAP should be categorized as a weak recommendation (two studies) and a strong recommendation (two studies) with either low- or moderate-quality evidence. However, no evidence of adverse outcomes or harm is present in the evaluated studies.

Conclusion: According to the GRADE system, available studies do not support the recommendation of corticosteroids as a standard of care for patients with severe CAP. Further randomized controlled trials with this aim should enroll a larger number of severely ill patients. However, in patients needing corticosteroids, it may be reasonable to conclude that corticosteroid administration is safe in patients with severe infections receiving antimicrobial therapy.

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Flow diagram of selection of studies. CAP, community-acquired pneumonia.
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Figure 1: Flow diagram of selection of studies. CAP, community-acquired pneumonia.

Mentions: The initial literature search yielded 109 articles. One hundred four studies were excluded based on their titles and abstracts. One article was excluded after revision for involving both patients with CAP and hospital-acquired pneumonia [18]. The complete flow diagram and reasons for exclusion are presented in Figure 1. Eventually, we selected four studies that evaluated the use of corticosteroids for severe CAP. These studies are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.


The role of corticosteroids in severe community-acquired pneumonia: a systematic review.

Salluh JI, Póvoa P, Soares M, Castro-Faria-Neto HC, Bozza FA, Bozza PT - Crit Care (2008)

Flow diagram of selection of studies. CAP, community-acquired pneumonia.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2481473&req=5

Figure 1: Flow diagram of selection of studies. CAP, community-acquired pneumonia.
Mentions: The initial literature search yielded 109 articles. One hundred four studies were excluded based on their titles and abstracts. One article was excluded after revision for involving both patients with CAP and hospital-acquired pneumonia [18]. The complete flow diagram and reasons for exclusion are presented in Figure 1. Eventually, we selected four studies that evaluated the use of corticosteroids for severe CAP. These studies are summarized in Tables 1 and 2.

Bottom Line: We found four studies eligible for analysis.However, no evidence of adverse outcomes or harm is present in the evaluated studies.According to the GRADE system, available studies do not support the recommendation of corticosteroids as a standard of care for patients with severe CAP.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Intensive Care Unit, Instituto Nacional de Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Praça Cruz Vermelha, 23, 10 andar - Centro, 20230-130 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ. jorgesalluh@yahoo.com.br

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of corticosteroids on the outcomes of patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).

Methods: We performed a systematic MEDLINE, Cochrane database, and CINAHL search (1966 to November 2007) to identify full-text publications that evaluated the use of corticosteroids in CAP.

Results: An initial literature search yielded 109 articles, and 105 studies were excluded after the first analysis. We found four studies eligible for analysis. On the basis of their results, the use of corticosteroids as adjunctive therapy in severe CAP should be categorized as a weak recommendation (two studies) and a strong recommendation (two studies) with either low- or moderate-quality evidence. However, no evidence of adverse outcomes or harm is present in the evaluated studies.

Conclusion: According to the GRADE system, available studies do not support the recommendation of corticosteroids as a standard of care for patients with severe CAP. Further randomized controlled trials with this aim should enroll a larger number of severely ill patients. However, in patients needing corticosteroids, it may be reasonable to conclude that corticosteroid administration is safe in patients with severe infections receiving antimicrobial therapy.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus