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Action-specific cognitions of planned and preparatory behaviors of condom use among Dutch adolescents.

van Empelen P, Kok G - Arch Sex Behav (2008)

Bottom Line: An important reason for their failure to use condoms is that they do not prepare themselves for potential sexual encounters.In a sample of 399 secondary school students, including students with and without sexual experience, it was found that intended condom use was not sufficient to ensure that adolescents plan and prepare for condom use.It was found that having the goal of condom use did not necessarily result in preparatory behavior, such as condom buying and condom carrying.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Psychological Research, Department of Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology, Leiden University, PO Box 9555, 2300 RB, Leiden, The Netherlands. P.vanEmpelen@fsw.LeidenUniv.nl

ABSTRACT
Many adolescents fail to use condoms, even when they are motivated to do so. An important reason for their failure to use condoms is that they do not prepare themselves for potential sexual encounters. The present study examined the circumstances under which Dutch adolescents were likely to prepare themselves for condom use (buying and carrying). In a sample of 399 secondary school students, including students with and without sexual experience, it was found that intended condom use was not sufficient to ensure that adolescents plan and prepare for condom use. It was found that having the goal of condom use did not necessarily result in preparatory behavior, such as condom buying and condom carrying. The data showed that action-specific social-cognitive factors of preparatory behavior explained preparatory behavior, beyond the decision to use condoms. This suggests that interventions aimed at promoting condom use should focus not only on condom use itself, but should also motivate and encourage adolescents to buy and carry condoms.

Show MeSH
Schematic overview of antecedents of preparatory behaviors of condom use. SE = self-efficacy, N = normative concepts, A = attitudinal concepts. It should be noted that preparatory behaviors may sequentially and directly influence condom use
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Fig1: Schematic overview of antecedents of preparatory behaviors of condom use. SE = self-efficacy, N = normative concepts, A = attitudinal concepts. It should be noted that preparatory behaviors may sequentially and directly influence condom use

Mentions: Thus, it seems important to specify not only preparatory behaviors of the desired healthy behaviors, but also action-specific cognitions that may facilitate or inhibit each of the preparatory behaviors (Abraham & Sheeran, 2003b; Abraham et al., 1998; Bartholomew, Parcel, Kok, & Gottlieb, 2006; Bryan et al., 2002; Kok, Schaalma, Ruiter, van Empelen, & Brug, 2004) (see Fig. 1).Fig. 1


Action-specific cognitions of planned and preparatory behaviors of condom use among Dutch adolescents.

van Empelen P, Kok G - Arch Sex Behav (2008)

Schematic overview of antecedents of preparatory behaviors of condom use. SE = self-efficacy, N = normative concepts, A = attitudinal concepts. It should be noted that preparatory behaviors may sequentially and directly influence condom use
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2480510&req=5

Fig1: Schematic overview of antecedents of preparatory behaviors of condom use. SE = self-efficacy, N = normative concepts, A = attitudinal concepts. It should be noted that preparatory behaviors may sequentially and directly influence condom use
Mentions: Thus, it seems important to specify not only preparatory behaviors of the desired healthy behaviors, but also action-specific cognitions that may facilitate or inhibit each of the preparatory behaviors (Abraham & Sheeran, 2003b; Abraham et al., 1998; Bartholomew, Parcel, Kok, & Gottlieb, 2006; Bryan et al., 2002; Kok, Schaalma, Ruiter, van Empelen, & Brug, 2004) (see Fig. 1).Fig. 1

Bottom Line: An important reason for their failure to use condoms is that they do not prepare themselves for potential sexual encounters.In a sample of 399 secondary school students, including students with and without sexual experience, it was found that intended condom use was not sufficient to ensure that adolescents plan and prepare for condom use.It was found that having the goal of condom use did not necessarily result in preparatory behavior, such as condom buying and condom carrying.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institute for Psychological Research, Department of Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology, Leiden University, PO Box 9555, 2300 RB, Leiden, The Netherlands. P.vanEmpelen@fsw.LeidenUniv.nl

ABSTRACT
Many adolescents fail to use condoms, even when they are motivated to do so. An important reason for their failure to use condoms is that they do not prepare themselves for potential sexual encounters. The present study examined the circumstances under which Dutch adolescents were likely to prepare themselves for condom use (buying and carrying). In a sample of 399 secondary school students, including students with and without sexual experience, it was found that intended condom use was not sufficient to ensure that adolescents plan and prepare for condom use. It was found that having the goal of condom use did not necessarily result in preparatory behavior, such as condom buying and condom carrying. The data showed that action-specific social-cognitive factors of preparatory behavior explained preparatory behavior, beyond the decision to use condoms. This suggests that interventions aimed at promoting condom use should focus not only on condom use itself, but should also motivate and encourage adolescents to buy and carry condoms.

Show MeSH