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Current applications and future direction of MR mammography.

Kneeshaw PJ, Turnbull LW, Drew PJ - Br. J. Cancer (2003)

Bottom Line: Advances in both spatial and temporal resolutions, the imaging sequences employed, pharmacokinetic modelling of contrast uptake, the use of dedicated and now phased-array breast coils, and gadolinium-based contrast agents have all played their part in the advancement of this imaging technique.Despite the limitations of patient compliance, scan-time and cost, this review describes how MRM has become a valuable tool in breast disease, especially in cases of diagnostic uncertainty.However, MRM must make the transition from research institutions into routine clinical practice.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 1Academic Surgical Unit, Castle Hill Hospital, Castle Road, Cottingham HU 16 5JQ, UK.

ABSTRACT
Compared with triple assessment for symptomatic and occult breast disease, magnetic resonance mammography (MRM) offers higher sensitivity for the detection of multifocal cancer, which is important in selecting patients appropriately for breast-conserving surgery. It is an ideal tool for the screening of patients with a high risk of breast cancer or where there is axillary disease or nipple discharge and conventional imaging has not revealed the primary focus. Techniques are now available to biopsy lesions only apparent on MRM. MRM can differentiate scar tissue from tumour; therefore, it is useful in patients in which there is possible recurrent disease. Clinical and X-ray mammographic assessment of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be unreliable because of replacement of the tumour with scar tissue. MRM can identify responders and nonresponders with more accuracy. It is the modality of choice for the assessment of breast implants for rupture with accuracy higher than X-ray mammography and ultrasound. Advances in both spatial and temporal resolutions, the imaging sequences employed, pharmacokinetic modelling of contrast uptake, the use of dedicated and now phased-array breast coils, and gadolinium-based contrast agents have all played their part in the advancement of this imaging technique. Despite the limitations of patient compliance, scan-time and cost, this review describes how MRM has become a valuable tool in breast disease, especially in cases of diagnostic uncertainty. However, MRM must make the transition from research institutions into routine clinical practice.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Shapes of signal-intensity curves and likely histology (Kuhl et al, 1999).
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fig2: Shapes of signal-intensity curves and likely histology (Kuhl et al, 1999).

Mentions: Kuhl et al reported a correlation between the shapes of the signal-intensity curves and the likely aetiology. The curves were subdivided into four categories. Types Ia or Ib are typical of benign lesions, and types II and III are consistent with malignant lesions. Using this method, Kuhl reported a sensitivity of 91%, a specificity of 83% and an accuracy of 86% in distinguishing benign from malignant lesions (Kuhl et al, 1999) (Figure 2Figure 2


Current applications and future direction of MR mammography.

Kneeshaw PJ, Turnbull LW, Drew PJ - Br. J. Cancer (2003)

Shapes of signal-intensity curves and likely histology (Kuhl et al, 1999).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2376788&req=5

fig2: Shapes of signal-intensity curves and likely histology (Kuhl et al, 1999).
Mentions: Kuhl et al reported a correlation between the shapes of the signal-intensity curves and the likely aetiology. The curves were subdivided into four categories. Types Ia or Ib are typical of benign lesions, and types II and III are consistent with malignant lesions. Using this method, Kuhl reported a sensitivity of 91%, a specificity of 83% and an accuracy of 86% in distinguishing benign from malignant lesions (Kuhl et al, 1999) (Figure 2Figure 2

Bottom Line: Advances in both spatial and temporal resolutions, the imaging sequences employed, pharmacokinetic modelling of contrast uptake, the use of dedicated and now phased-array breast coils, and gadolinium-based contrast agents have all played their part in the advancement of this imaging technique.Despite the limitations of patient compliance, scan-time and cost, this review describes how MRM has become a valuable tool in breast disease, especially in cases of diagnostic uncertainty.However, MRM must make the transition from research institutions into routine clinical practice.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 1Academic Surgical Unit, Castle Hill Hospital, Castle Road, Cottingham HU 16 5JQ, UK.

ABSTRACT
Compared with triple assessment for symptomatic and occult breast disease, magnetic resonance mammography (MRM) offers higher sensitivity for the detection of multifocal cancer, which is important in selecting patients appropriately for breast-conserving surgery. It is an ideal tool for the screening of patients with a high risk of breast cancer or where there is axillary disease or nipple discharge and conventional imaging has not revealed the primary focus. Techniques are now available to biopsy lesions only apparent on MRM. MRM can differentiate scar tissue from tumour; therefore, it is useful in patients in which there is possible recurrent disease. Clinical and X-ray mammographic assessment of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be unreliable because of replacement of the tumour with scar tissue. MRM can identify responders and nonresponders with more accuracy. It is the modality of choice for the assessment of breast implants for rupture with accuracy higher than X-ray mammography and ultrasound. Advances in both spatial and temporal resolutions, the imaging sequences employed, pharmacokinetic modelling of contrast uptake, the use of dedicated and now phased-array breast coils, and gadolinium-based contrast agents have all played their part in the advancement of this imaging technique. Despite the limitations of patient compliance, scan-time and cost, this review describes how MRM has become a valuable tool in breast disease, especially in cases of diagnostic uncertainty. However, MRM must make the transition from research institutions into routine clinical practice.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus