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Induction of neuropilin-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor by epidermal growth factor in human gastric cancer cells.

Akagi M, Kawaguchi M, Liu W, McCarty MF, Takeda A, Fan F, Stoeltzing O, Parikh AA, Jung YD, Bucana CD, Mansfield PF, Hicklin DJ, Ellis LM - Br. J. Cancer (2003)

Bottom Line: Moreover, in EGF-R-positive NCI-N87 and ST-2 cells, EGF induced both NRP-1 and VEGF mRNA expression.The treatment of NCI-N87 cells with EGF resulted in increases in phosphorylation of Erk1/2, Akt, and P38.Blockade of the Erk, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/Akt, or P38 pathways in this cell line prevented EGF induction of NRP-1 and VEGF.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.

ABSTRACT
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) pathway plays a pivotal role in the progression of human gastric cancer. The angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been shown to be induced by EGF in various cancer cell lines. Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) acts as a coreceptor for VEGF-165 and increases its affinity for VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) in endothelial cells. Furthermore, NRP-1 has been found to be expressed by tumour cells and has been shown to enhance tumour angiogenesis and growth in preclinical models. We examined the expression of NRP-1 mRNA and EGF-R protein in seven human gastric cancer cell lines. NRP-1 expression was expressed in five of seven cell lines, and EGF-R expression closely mirrored NRP-1 expression. Moreover, in EGF-R-positive NCI-N87 and ST-2 cells, EGF induced both NRP-1 and VEGF mRNA expression. C225, a monoclonal antibody to EGF-R, blocked EGF-induced NRP-1 and VEGF expression in NCI-N87 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The treatment of NCI-N87 cells with EGF resulted in increases in phosphorylation of Erk1/2, Akt, and P38. Blockade of the Erk, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/Akt, or P38 pathways in this cell line prevented EGF induction of NRP-1 and VEGF. These results suggest that regulation of NRP-1 expression in human gastric cancer is intimately associated with the EGF/EGF-R system. Activation of EGF-R might contribute to gastric cancer angiogenesis by a mechanism that involves upregulation of VEGF and NRP-1 expression via multiple signalling pathways.

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Effect of EGF on Erk1/2, Akt, and P38 phosphorylation in NCI-N87 cells. The cells were incubated in 5% serum-containing medium overnight and then were incubated with 50 ng ml−1 EGF for the indicated duration in 1% serum-containing medium. Phosphorylated and total protein levels were determined by Western blot analyses. EGF led to induction of phosphorylated Erk1/2, Akt, and P38.
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fig4: Effect of EGF on Erk1/2, Akt, and P38 phosphorylation in NCI-N87 cells. The cells were incubated in 5% serum-containing medium overnight and then were incubated with 50 ng ml−1 EGF for the indicated duration in 1% serum-containing medium. Phosphorylated and total protein levels were determined by Western blot analyses. EGF led to induction of phosphorylated Erk1/2, Akt, and P38.

Mentions: To determine the signalling pathways induced by EGF in NCI-N87 cells, Western blot analysis was performed after incubation of cells with EGF for various durations. As shown in Figure 4Figure 4


Induction of neuropilin-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor by epidermal growth factor in human gastric cancer cells.

Akagi M, Kawaguchi M, Liu W, McCarty MF, Takeda A, Fan F, Stoeltzing O, Parikh AA, Jung YD, Bucana CD, Mansfield PF, Hicklin DJ, Ellis LM - Br. J. Cancer (2003)

Effect of EGF on Erk1/2, Akt, and P38 phosphorylation in NCI-N87 cells. The cells were incubated in 5% serum-containing medium overnight and then were incubated with 50 ng ml−1 EGF for the indicated duration in 1% serum-containing medium. Phosphorylated and total protein levels were determined by Western blot analyses. EGF led to induction of phosphorylated Erk1/2, Akt, and P38.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2376351&req=5

fig4: Effect of EGF on Erk1/2, Akt, and P38 phosphorylation in NCI-N87 cells. The cells were incubated in 5% serum-containing medium overnight and then were incubated with 50 ng ml−1 EGF for the indicated duration in 1% serum-containing medium. Phosphorylated and total protein levels were determined by Western blot analyses. EGF led to induction of phosphorylated Erk1/2, Akt, and P38.
Mentions: To determine the signalling pathways induced by EGF in NCI-N87 cells, Western blot analysis was performed after incubation of cells with EGF for various durations. As shown in Figure 4Figure 4

Bottom Line: Moreover, in EGF-R-positive NCI-N87 and ST-2 cells, EGF induced both NRP-1 and VEGF mRNA expression.The treatment of NCI-N87 cells with EGF resulted in increases in phosphorylation of Erk1/2, Akt, and P38.Blockade of the Erk, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/Akt, or P38 pathways in this cell line prevented EGF induction of NRP-1 and VEGF.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Cancer Biology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030, USA.

ABSTRACT
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) pathway plays a pivotal role in the progression of human gastric cancer. The angiogenic factor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been shown to be induced by EGF in various cancer cell lines. Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) acts as a coreceptor for VEGF-165 and increases its affinity for VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) in endothelial cells. Furthermore, NRP-1 has been found to be expressed by tumour cells and has been shown to enhance tumour angiogenesis and growth in preclinical models. We examined the expression of NRP-1 mRNA and EGF-R protein in seven human gastric cancer cell lines. NRP-1 expression was expressed in five of seven cell lines, and EGF-R expression closely mirrored NRP-1 expression. Moreover, in EGF-R-positive NCI-N87 and ST-2 cells, EGF induced both NRP-1 and VEGF mRNA expression. C225, a monoclonal antibody to EGF-R, blocked EGF-induced NRP-1 and VEGF expression in NCI-N87 cells in a dose-dependent manner. The treatment of NCI-N87 cells with EGF resulted in increases in phosphorylation of Erk1/2, Akt, and P38. Blockade of the Erk, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/Akt, or P38 pathways in this cell line prevented EGF induction of NRP-1 and VEGF. These results suggest that regulation of NRP-1 expression in human gastric cancer is intimately associated with the EGF/EGF-R system. Activation of EGF-R might contribute to gastric cancer angiogenesis by a mechanism that involves upregulation of VEGF and NRP-1 expression via multiple signalling pathways.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus