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Effect of a tumour-derived lipid-mobilising factor on glucose and lipid metabolism in vivo.

Russell ST, Tisdale MJ - Br. J. Cancer (2002)

Bottom Line: The tissue glucose metabolic rate was increased almost three-fold in brain, accounting for the ability of lipid mobilising factor to decrease blood glucose levels.Lipid mobilising factor also increased overall lipid oxidation, as determined by the production of 14CO2 from [14C carboxy] triolein, being 67% greater than phosphate buffered saline controls over a 24 h period.There was a significant increase in [14C] lipid accumulation in plasma, liver and white and brown adipose tissue after administration of lipid mobilising factor.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Institute, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK.

ABSTRACT
Treatment of ex-breeder male NMRI mice with lipid mobilising factor isolated from the urine of cachectic cancer patients, caused a significant increase in glucose oxidation to CO2 compared with control mice receiving phosphate buffered saline. Glucose utilisation by various tissues was determined by the 2-deoxyglucose tracer technique and shown to be elevated in brain, heart, brown adipose tissue and gastrocnemius muscle. The tissue glucose metabolic rate was increased almost three-fold in brain, accounting for the ability of lipid mobilising factor to decrease blood glucose levels. Lipid mobilising factor also increased overall lipid oxidation, as determined by the production of 14CO2 from [14C carboxy] triolein, being 67% greater than phosphate buffered saline controls over a 24 h period. There was a significant increase in [14C] lipid accumulation in plasma, liver and white and brown adipose tissue after administration of lipid mobilising factor. These results suggest that changes in carbohydrate metabolism and loss of adipose tissue, together with an increased whole body fatty acid oxidation in cachectic cancer patients, may arise from tumour production of lipid mobilising factor.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Tissue [14C] lipid accumulation (percentage absorbed dose per g tissue over a 6 h period) from [14C-carboxy] triolein administered enterally by gastric intubation as described in Materials and Methods after administration of either PBS (closed box) or LMF (open box). There were 12 mice in each group. Differences from control are indicated as either aP<0.05, bP<0.01 or dP<0.001.
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fig4: Tissue [14C] lipid accumulation (percentage absorbed dose per g tissue over a 6 h period) from [14C-carboxy] triolein administered enterally by gastric intubation as described in Materials and Methods after administration of either PBS (closed box) or LMF (open box). There were 12 mice in each group. Differences from control are indicated as either aP<0.05, bP<0.01 or dP<0.001.

Mentions: Tissue glucose metabolic rate (Rg) in mice administered either PBS (closed box) or LMF (open box) as described in Materials and Methods. There were 12 mice in each group. Differences from control are indicated as either aP<0.05 or dP<0.001.


Effect of a tumour-derived lipid-mobilising factor on glucose and lipid metabolism in vivo.

Russell ST, Tisdale MJ - Br. J. Cancer (2002)

Tissue [14C] lipid accumulation (percentage absorbed dose per g tissue over a 6 h period) from [14C-carboxy] triolein administered enterally by gastric intubation as described in Materials and Methods after administration of either PBS (closed box) or LMF (open box). There were 12 mice in each group. Differences from control are indicated as either aP<0.05, bP<0.01 or dP<0.001.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2376149&req=5

fig4: Tissue [14C] lipid accumulation (percentage absorbed dose per g tissue over a 6 h period) from [14C-carboxy] triolein administered enterally by gastric intubation as described in Materials and Methods after administration of either PBS (closed box) or LMF (open box). There were 12 mice in each group. Differences from control are indicated as either aP<0.05, bP<0.01 or dP<0.001.
Mentions: Tissue glucose metabolic rate (Rg) in mice administered either PBS (closed box) or LMF (open box) as described in Materials and Methods. There were 12 mice in each group. Differences from control are indicated as either aP<0.05 or dP<0.001.

Bottom Line: The tissue glucose metabolic rate was increased almost three-fold in brain, accounting for the ability of lipid mobilising factor to decrease blood glucose levels.Lipid mobilising factor also increased overall lipid oxidation, as determined by the production of 14CO2 from [14C carboxy] triolein, being 67% greater than phosphate buffered saline controls over a 24 h period.There was a significant increase in [14C] lipid accumulation in plasma, liver and white and brown adipose tissue after administration of lipid mobilising factor.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Institute, Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK.

ABSTRACT
Treatment of ex-breeder male NMRI mice with lipid mobilising factor isolated from the urine of cachectic cancer patients, caused a significant increase in glucose oxidation to CO2 compared with control mice receiving phosphate buffered saline. Glucose utilisation by various tissues was determined by the 2-deoxyglucose tracer technique and shown to be elevated in brain, heart, brown adipose tissue and gastrocnemius muscle. The tissue glucose metabolic rate was increased almost three-fold in brain, accounting for the ability of lipid mobilising factor to decrease blood glucose levels. Lipid mobilising factor also increased overall lipid oxidation, as determined by the production of 14CO2 from [14C carboxy] triolein, being 67% greater than phosphate buffered saline controls over a 24 h period. There was a significant increase in [14C] lipid accumulation in plasma, liver and white and brown adipose tissue after administration of lipid mobilising factor. These results suggest that changes in carbohydrate metabolism and loss of adipose tissue, together with an increased whole body fatty acid oxidation in cachectic cancer patients, may arise from tumour production of lipid mobilising factor.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus