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Bayesian hierarchical modeling of means and covariances of gene expression data within families.

Pique-Regi R, Morrison J, Thomas DC - BMC Proc (2007)

Bottom Line: The latter provides a way of testing for cis and trans effects.The method was applied to data on 116 SNPs and 189 genes on chromosome 11, for which Morley et al. (Nature 2004, 430: 743-747) had previously reported linkage.We were able to confirm the association of the expression of HSD17B12 with a SNP in the same region reported by Morley et al., and also detected a SNP that appeared to affect the expression of many genes on this chromosome.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, 1540 Alcazar Street, CHP-220, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA. piquereg@usc.edu

ABSTRACT
We describe a hierarchical Bayes model for the influence of constitutional genotypes from a linkage scan on the expression of a large number of genes. The model comprises linear regression models for the means in relation to genotypes and for the covariances between pairs of related individuals in relation to their identity-by-descent estimates. The matrices of regression coefficients for all possible pairs of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by all possible expressed genes are in turn modeled as a mixture of values and a normal distribution of non- values, with probabilities and means given by a third-level model of SNP and trait random effects and a spatial regression on the distance between the SNP and the expressed gene. The latter provides a way of testing for cis and trans effects. The method was applied to data on 116 SNPs and 189 genes on chromosome 11, for which Morley et al. (Nature 2004, 430: 743-747) had previously reported linkage. We were able to confirm the association of the expression of HSD17B12 with a SNP in the same region reported by Morley et al., and also detected a SNP that appeared to affect the expression of many genes on this chromosome. The approach appears to be a promising way to address the huge multiple comparisons problem for relating genome-wide genotype x expression data.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Potential master regulatory region around rs916482 SNP. Bottom plot is the cross-section of column 84 of Figure 1, describing the association between all phenotypes in chromosome 11 and SNP m = rs916482. The top plot shows the sign of dependence on the genotype. This SNP has a large number of associated genotypes, providing a strong indication of a master regulatory region.
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Figure 3: Potential master regulatory region around rs916482 SNP. Bottom plot is the cross-section of column 84 of Figure 1, describing the association between all phenotypes in chromosome 11 and SNP m = rs916482. The top plot shows the sign of dependence on the genotype. This SNP has a large number of associated genotypes, providing a strong indication of a master regulatory region.

Mentions: Figure 2 also shows that each gene expression phenotype is explained by relatively few genotypes that have a role in regulating their expression. Table 1 lists, for the best predicted phenotypes, the SNPs included most frequently in the model. Significantly, the top ranking phenotype, HSD17B12 (217869_at), associated with SNP rs1453389, is the same as the one reported by Cheung et al. as associated with another SNP in the same region (not included in the GAW data set). Figure 3 shows that some SNPs in chromosome 11, especially rs916482, are significantly associated with more phenotypes than others. These SNP may be within a master regulatory region of gene expression. The list of gene ontology terms that were over-represented in the list of its associated genes involved mostly metabolic functions (Figure 4).


Bayesian hierarchical modeling of means and covariances of gene expression data within families.

Pique-Regi R, Morrison J, Thomas DC - BMC Proc (2007)

Potential master regulatory region around rs916482 SNP. Bottom plot is the cross-section of column 84 of Figure 1, describing the association between all phenotypes in chromosome 11 and SNP m = rs916482. The top plot shows the sign of dependence on the genotype. This SNP has a large number of associated genotypes, providing a strong indication of a master regulatory region.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2367475&req=5

Figure 3: Potential master regulatory region around rs916482 SNP. Bottom plot is the cross-section of column 84 of Figure 1, describing the association between all phenotypes in chromosome 11 and SNP m = rs916482. The top plot shows the sign of dependence on the genotype. This SNP has a large number of associated genotypes, providing a strong indication of a master regulatory region.
Mentions: Figure 2 also shows that each gene expression phenotype is explained by relatively few genotypes that have a role in regulating their expression. Table 1 lists, for the best predicted phenotypes, the SNPs included most frequently in the model. Significantly, the top ranking phenotype, HSD17B12 (217869_at), associated with SNP rs1453389, is the same as the one reported by Cheung et al. as associated with another SNP in the same region (not included in the GAW data set). Figure 3 shows that some SNPs in chromosome 11, especially rs916482, are significantly associated with more phenotypes than others. These SNP may be within a master regulatory region of gene expression. The list of gene ontology terms that were over-represented in the list of its associated genes involved mostly metabolic functions (Figure 4).

Bottom Line: The latter provides a way of testing for cis and trans effects.The method was applied to data on 116 SNPs and 189 genes on chromosome 11, for which Morley et al. (Nature 2004, 430: 743-747) had previously reported linkage.We were able to confirm the association of the expression of HSD17B12 with a SNP in the same region reported by Morley et al., and also detected a SNP that appeared to affect the expression of many genes on this chromosome.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Southern California, 1540 Alcazar Street, CHP-220, Los Angeles, California 90089, USA. piquereg@usc.edu

ABSTRACT
We describe a hierarchical Bayes model for the influence of constitutional genotypes from a linkage scan on the expression of a large number of genes. The model comprises linear regression models for the means in relation to genotypes and for the covariances between pairs of related individuals in relation to their identity-by-descent estimates. The matrices of regression coefficients for all possible pairs of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by all possible expressed genes are in turn modeled as a mixture of values and a normal distribution of non- values, with probabilities and means given by a third-level model of SNP and trait random effects and a spatial regression on the distance between the SNP and the expressed gene. The latter provides a way of testing for cis and trans effects. The method was applied to data on 116 SNPs and 189 genes on chromosome 11, for which Morley et al. (Nature 2004, 430: 743-747) had previously reported linkage. We were able to confirm the association of the expression of HSD17B12 with a SNP in the same region reported by Morley et al., and also detected a SNP that appeared to affect the expression of many genes on this chromosome. The approach appears to be a promising way to address the huge multiple comparisons problem for relating genome-wide genotype x expression data.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus