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Vinorelbine alternating oral and intravenous plus epirubicin in first-line therapy of metastatic breast cancer: results of a multicentre phase II study.

Serin D, Verrill M, Jones A, Delozier T, Coleman R, Kreuser ED, Mross K, Longerey B, Brandely M - Br. J. Cancer (2005)

Bottom Line: This regimen alternating oral and i.v. vinorelbine in combination with epirubicin is effective and safe.Oral vinorelbine on day 8 offers greater convenience to the patient, and decreases the need for i.v. injection and reduces time spent in hospital.Therefore, oral vinorelbine is a convenient alternative to the i.v. form in combination regimens commonly used to treat MBC.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut Sainte Catherine, BP 846, 1750 Chemin du Lavarin, 84082 Avignon Cedex 02, France. d.serin@institut-ste-catherine.rss.fr

ABSTRACT
The combination of intravenous (i.v.) vinorelbine and epirubicin is highly active in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC). In an effort to improve patient convenience, we investigated a regimen alternating i.v. and oral vinorelbine in combination with epirubicin as first-line chemotherapy of patients with MBC. In all, 49 patients with MBC received, as first-line treatment, a combination regimen consisting of i.v. vinorelbine 25 mg m(-2) plus epirubicin 90 mg m(-2) given on day 1, and oral vinorelbine 60 mg m(-2) on day 8 (or day 15 if neutrophils <1500 mm(-3)) every 3 weeks, in an open-label, multicentre phase II study. Treatment was to be repeated for a maximum of six cycles. The study population had a median age of 55 years, half of the patients had received prior adjuvant chemotherapy and 86% presented a visceral involvement. In all, 25 responses were documented and validated by an independent panel review, yielding response rates of 51% (95% CI: 36-66) in the 49 enrolled patients and 54.5% (95% CI: 39-70) in the 44 evaluable patients. Median durations of progression-free survival and survival were 8 and 20 months, respectively. Neutropenia was the main dose-limiting toxicity, but complications were uncommon, four patients having experienced febrile neutropenia and six having developed neutropenic infection. Other frequently reported adverse events included stomatitis, nausea and vomiting, which were rarely severe. No toxic death was reported. Among patients who received six cycles, global score of quality of life remained stable. This regimen alternating oral and i.v. vinorelbine in combination with epirubicin is effective and safe. Oral vinorelbine on day 8 offers greater convenience to the patient, and decreases the need for i.v. injection and reduces time spent in hospital. Therefore, oral vinorelbine is a convenient alternative to the i.v. form in combination regimens commonly used to treat MBC.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean differences of scores with baseline of the 21 patients who competed all QLQ-C30 questionnaires – functional scores.
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fig2: Mean differences of scores with baseline of the 21 patients who competed all QLQ-C30 questionnaires – functional scores.

Mentions: The analysis of the QLQ-C30 questionnaire showed that patients did not feel a worsening of their global health status (Figure 1). Mean changes from baseline in functional and symptom scores are presented in Figures 2 and 3.


Vinorelbine alternating oral and intravenous plus epirubicin in first-line therapy of metastatic breast cancer: results of a multicentre phase II study.

Serin D, Verrill M, Jones A, Delozier T, Coleman R, Kreuser ED, Mross K, Longerey B, Brandely M - Br. J. Cancer (2005)

Mean differences of scores with baseline of the 21 patients who competed all QLQ-C30 questionnaires – functional scores.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2361780&req=5

fig2: Mean differences of scores with baseline of the 21 patients who competed all QLQ-C30 questionnaires – functional scores.
Mentions: The analysis of the QLQ-C30 questionnaire showed that patients did not feel a worsening of their global health status (Figure 1). Mean changes from baseline in functional and symptom scores are presented in Figures 2 and 3.

Bottom Line: This regimen alternating oral and i.v. vinorelbine in combination with epirubicin is effective and safe.Oral vinorelbine on day 8 offers greater convenience to the patient, and decreases the need for i.v. injection and reduces time spent in hospital.Therefore, oral vinorelbine is a convenient alternative to the i.v. form in combination regimens commonly used to treat MBC.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut Sainte Catherine, BP 846, 1750 Chemin du Lavarin, 84082 Avignon Cedex 02, France. d.serin@institut-ste-catherine.rss.fr

ABSTRACT
The combination of intravenous (i.v.) vinorelbine and epirubicin is highly active in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer (MBC). In an effort to improve patient convenience, we investigated a regimen alternating i.v. and oral vinorelbine in combination with epirubicin as first-line chemotherapy of patients with MBC. In all, 49 patients with MBC received, as first-line treatment, a combination regimen consisting of i.v. vinorelbine 25 mg m(-2) plus epirubicin 90 mg m(-2) given on day 1, and oral vinorelbine 60 mg m(-2) on day 8 (or day 15 if neutrophils <1500 mm(-3)) every 3 weeks, in an open-label, multicentre phase II study. Treatment was to be repeated for a maximum of six cycles. The study population had a median age of 55 years, half of the patients had received prior adjuvant chemotherapy and 86% presented a visceral involvement. In all, 25 responses were documented and validated by an independent panel review, yielding response rates of 51% (95% CI: 36-66) in the 49 enrolled patients and 54.5% (95% CI: 39-70) in the 44 evaluable patients. Median durations of progression-free survival and survival were 8 and 20 months, respectively. Neutropenia was the main dose-limiting toxicity, but complications were uncommon, four patients having experienced febrile neutropenia and six having developed neutropenic infection. Other frequently reported adverse events included stomatitis, nausea and vomiting, which were rarely severe. No toxic death was reported. Among patients who received six cycles, global score of quality of life remained stable. This regimen alternating oral and i.v. vinorelbine in combination with epirubicin is effective and safe. Oral vinorelbine on day 8 offers greater convenience to the patient, and decreases the need for i.v. injection and reduces time spent in hospital. Therefore, oral vinorelbine is a convenient alternative to the i.v. form in combination regimens commonly used to treat MBC.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus