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Internal and external information in error processing.

Heldmann M, Rüsseler J, Münte TF - BMC Neurosci (2008)

Bottom Line: When performance monitoring based on self-generated information was sufficient to detect a criterion violation an ERN was released, while the subsequent feedback became redundant and therefore failed to trigger an FRN.In contrast, an FRN was released if the feedback contained information which was not available before and action monitoring processes based on self-generated information failed to detect an error.The described pattern of results indicates a functional interrelationship of response and feedback related negativities in performance monitoring.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology II, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany. marcus.heldmann@med.ovgu.de

ABSTRACT

Background: The use of self-generated and externally provided information in performance monitoring is reflected by the appearance of error-related and feedback-related negativities (ERN and FRN), respectively. Several authors proposed that ERN and FRN are supported by similar neural mechanisms residing in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the mesolimbic dopaminergic system. The present study is aimed to test the functional relationship between ERN and FRN. Using an Eriksen-Flanker task with a moving response deadline we tested 17 young healthy subjects. Subjects received feedback with respect to their response accuracy and response speed. To fulfill both requirements of the task, they had to press the correct button and had to respond in time to give a valid response.

Results: When performance monitoring based on self-generated information was sufficient to detect a criterion violation an ERN was released, while the subsequent feedback became redundant and therefore failed to trigger an FRN. In contrast, an FRN was released if the feedback contained information which was not available before and action monitoring processes based on self-generated information failed to detect an error.

Conclusion: The described pattern of results indicates a functional interrelationship of response and feedback related negativities in performance monitoring.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Mean amplitudes of response and feedback locked ERPs. Interaction plot for ERN and FRN amplitudes at electrode sites Fz and Cz. Error bars representing SEMs. Mean amplitudes based on McCarty-Wood standardized values.
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Figure 5: Mean amplitudes of response and feedback locked ERPs. Interaction plot for ERN and FRN amplitudes at electrode sites Fz and Cz. Error bars representing SEMs. Mean amplitudes based on McCarty-Wood standardized values.

Mentions: Thus, it appears that a feedback related negativity occurred only in "early-late" cases that did not permit the self-detection of a time-out error, indicated by the absence of the ERN. To further address this point, an ERN/FRN × RT-bin × electrode site ANOVA was performed using the vector normalized data set. Importantly, a significant ERN/FRN × RT-bin interaction (F(2,32) = 7.58, p = 0.002) was obtained. This interaction is illustrated in figure 5 and supports an inverse ERN/FRN-relationship.


Internal and external information in error processing.

Heldmann M, Rüsseler J, Münte TF - BMC Neurosci (2008)

Mean amplitudes of response and feedback locked ERPs. Interaction plot for ERN and FRN amplitudes at electrode sites Fz and Cz. Error bars representing SEMs. Mean amplitudes based on McCarty-Wood standardized values.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2291472&req=5

Figure 5: Mean amplitudes of response and feedback locked ERPs. Interaction plot for ERN and FRN amplitudes at electrode sites Fz and Cz. Error bars representing SEMs. Mean amplitudes based on McCarty-Wood standardized values.
Mentions: Thus, it appears that a feedback related negativity occurred only in "early-late" cases that did not permit the self-detection of a time-out error, indicated by the absence of the ERN. To further address this point, an ERN/FRN × RT-bin × electrode site ANOVA was performed using the vector normalized data set. Importantly, a significant ERN/FRN × RT-bin interaction (F(2,32) = 7.58, p = 0.002) was obtained. This interaction is illustrated in figure 5 and supports an inverse ERN/FRN-relationship.

Bottom Line: When performance monitoring based on self-generated information was sufficient to detect a criterion violation an ERN was released, while the subsequent feedback became redundant and therefore failed to trigger an FRN.In contrast, an FRN was released if the feedback contained information which was not available before and action monitoring processes based on self-generated information failed to detect an error.The described pattern of results indicates a functional interrelationship of response and feedback related negativities in performance monitoring.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neurology II, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, 39120 Magdeburg, Germany. marcus.heldmann@med.ovgu.de

ABSTRACT

Background: The use of self-generated and externally provided information in performance monitoring is reflected by the appearance of error-related and feedback-related negativities (ERN and FRN), respectively. Several authors proposed that ERN and FRN are supported by similar neural mechanisms residing in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the mesolimbic dopaminergic system. The present study is aimed to test the functional relationship between ERN and FRN. Using an Eriksen-Flanker task with a moving response deadline we tested 17 young healthy subjects. Subjects received feedback with respect to their response accuracy and response speed. To fulfill both requirements of the task, they had to press the correct button and had to respond in time to give a valid response.

Results: When performance monitoring based on self-generated information was sufficient to detect a criterion violation an ERN was released, while the subsequent feedback became redundant and therefore failed to trigger an FRN. In contrast, an FRN was released if the feedback contained information which was not available before and action monitoring processes based on self-generated information failed to detect an error.

Conclusion: The described pattern of results indicates a functional interrelationship of response and feedback related negativities in performance monitoring.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus