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Calibration of an orientation sensor for freehand 3D ultrasound and its use in a hybrid acquisition system.

Housden RJ, Treece GM, Gee AH, Prager RW - Biomed Eng Online (2008)

Bottom Line: In comparison, six degree-of-freedom drift correction was shown to produce excellent reconstructions.A hybrid system incorporating the MT9-B offers an attractive compromise between quality and ease of use.The position sensor is unobtrusive and the system is capable of faithful acquisition, with the one exception of linear drift in the elevational direction.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK. rjh80@eng.cam.ac.uk

ABSTRACT

Background: Freehand 3D ultrasound is a powerful imaging modality with many potential applications. However, its reliance on add-on position sensors, which can be expensive, obtrusive and difficult to calibrate, is a major drawback. Alternatively, freehand 3D ultrasound can be acquired without a position sensor using image-based techniques. Sensorless reconstructions exhibit good fine scale detail but are prone to tracking drift, resulting in large scale geometrical distortions.

Method: We investigate an alternative position sensor, the Xsens MT9-B, which is relatively unobtrusive but measures orientation only. We describe a straightforward approach to calibrating the sensor, and we measure the calibration precision (by repeated calibrations) and the orientation accuracy (using independent orientation measurements). We introduce algorithms that allow the MT9-B potentially to correct both linear and angular drift in sensorless reconstructions.

Results: The MT9-B can be calibrated to a precision of around 1 degrees . Reconstruction accuracy is also around 1 degrees . The MT9-B was able to eliminate angular drift in sensorless reconstructions, though it had little impact on linear drift. In comparison, six degree-of-freedom drift correction was shown to produce excellent reconstructions.

Conclusion: Gold standard freehand 3D ultrasound acquisition requires the synthesis of image-based techniques, for good fine scale detail, and position sensors, for good large scale geometrical accuracy. A hybrid system incorporating the MT9-B offers an attractive compromise between quality and ease of use. The position sensor is unobtrusive and the system is capable of faithful acquisition, with the one exception of linear drift in the elevational direction.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Plane-based calibration protocol for the MT9-B. Compared with six degree-of-freedom sensors [19], a simpler set of probe motions suffices to solve for the calibration parameters.
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Figure 2: Plane-based calibration protocol for the MT9-B. Compared with six degree-of-freedom sensors [19], a simpler set of probe motions suffices to solve for the calibration parameters.

Mentions: Since there are only five degrees of freedom at this stage (three for the orientation of the MT9-B with respect to the B-scan, and two for the orientation of the plane), a simpler set of probe motions provides the necessary constraints, as illustrated in Figure 2. With this one exception, we adopt the same calibration protocol as in [19], including the use of a "Cambridge phantom" to produce echoes from a flat plane without sensitivity to beam-width effects.


Calibration of an orientation sensor for freehand 3D ultrasound and its use in a hybrid acquisition system.

Housden RJ, Treece GM, Gee AH, Prager RW - Biomed Eng Online (2008)

Plane-based calibration protocol for the MT9-B. Compared with six degree-of-freedom sensors [19], a simpler set of probe motions suffices to solve for the calibration parameters.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2268692&req=5

Figure 2: Plane-based calibration protocol for the MT9-B. Compared with six degree-of-freedom sensors [19], a simpler set of probe motions suffices to solve for the calibration parameters.
Mentions: Since there are only five degrees of freedom at this stage (three for the orientation of the MT9-B with respect to the B-scan, and two for the orientation of the plane), a simpler set of probe motions provides the necessary constraints, as illustrated in Figure 2. With this one exception, we adopt the same calibration protocol as in [19], including the use of a "Cambridge phantom" to produce echoes from a flat plane without sensitivity to beam-width effects.

Bottom Line: In comparison, six degree-of-freedom drift correction was shown to produce excellent reconstructions.A hybrid system incorporating the MT9-B offers an attractive compromise between quality and ease of use.The position sensor is unobtrusive and the system is capable of faithful acquisition, with the one exception of linear drift in the elevational direction.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK. rjh80@eng.cam.ac.uk

ABSTRACT

Background: Freehand 3D ultrasound is a powerful imaging modality with many potential applications. However, its reliance on add-on position sensors, which can be expensive, obtrusive and difficult to calibrate, is a major drawback. Alternatively, freehand 3D ultrasound can be acquired without a position sensor using image-based techniques. Sensorless reconstructions exhibit good fine scale detail but are prone to tracking drift, resulting in large scale geometrical distortions.

Method: We investigate an alternative position sensor, the Xsens MT9-B, which is relatively unobtrusive but measures orientation only. We describe a straightforward approach to calibrating the sensor, and we measure the calibration precision (by repeated calibrations) and the orientation accuracy (using independent orientation measurements). We introduce algorithms that allow the MT9-B potentially to correct both linear and angular drift in sensorless reconstructions.

Results: The MT9-B can be calibrated to a precision of around 1 degrees . Reconstruction accuracy is also around 1 degrees . The MT9-B was able to eliminate angular drift in sensorless reconstructions, though it had little impact on linear drift. In comparison, six degree-of-freedom drift correction was shown to produce excellent reconstructions.

Conclusion: Gold standard freehand 3D ultrasound acquisition requires the synthesis of image-based techniques, for good fine scale detail, and position sensors, for good large scale geometrical accuracy. A hybrid system incorporating the MT9-B offers an attractive compromise between quality and ease of use. The position sensor is unobtrusive and the system is capable of faithful acquisition, with the one exception of linear drift in the elevational direction.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus