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Modulation in voluntary neural drive in relation to muscle soreness.

Racinais S, Bringard A, Puchaux K, Noakes TD, Perrey S - Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. (2007)

Bottom Line: Immediately after exercise there was a -15% decrease in MVT of the plantar flexors partly attributable to an alteration in contractile properties (-23% in electrically evoked mechanical twitch).However, MVT failed to recover before the third day whereas the contractile properties had significantly recovered within the first day.The decrease in voluntary activation occurred in the absence of any variation in spinal modulation estimated from the H-reflex.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Motor Efficiency and Deficiency Laboratory, EA 2991, UFR STAPS, Montpellier, France. contact@sebastienracinais.com

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to investigate whether (1) spinal modulation would change after non-exhausting eccentric exercise of the plantar flexor muscles that produced muscle soreness and (2) central modulation of the motor command would be linked to the development of muscle soreness. Ten healthy subjects volunteered to perform a single bout of backward downhill walking exercise (duration 30 min, velocity 1 ms(-1), negative grade -25%, load 12% of body weight). Neuromuscular test sessions [H-reflex, M-wave, maximal voluntary torque (MVT)] were performed before, immediately after, as well as 1-3 days after the exercise bout. Immediately after exercise there was a -15% decrease in MVT of the plantar flexors partly attributable to an alteration in contractile properties (-23% in electrically evoked mechanical twitch). However, MVT failed to recover before the third day whereas the contractile properties had significantly recovered within the first day. This delayed recovery of MVT was likely related to a decrement in voluntary muscle drive. The decrease in voluntary activation occurred in the absence of any variation in spinal modulation estimated from the H-reflex. Our findings suggest the development of a supraspinal modulation perhaps linked to the presence of muscle soreness.

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Example of evoked potentials recorded in a representative subject. Each drawing represents the average of three recordings obtained on a relaxed muscle
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Fig3: Example of evoked potentials recorded in a representative subject. Each drawing represents the average of three recordings obtained on a relaxed muscle

Mentions: An example of evoked potentials recorded in a representative subject is displayed in Fig. 3 and the mean values are displayed in Table 1. The walking exercise failed to induce significant changes in the evoked potentials both at rest (Mmax, F4,36 = 1.60 and 0.60 for soleus and gastrocnemius medialis respectively, NS) and during the voluntary contraction (Msup, F4,36 = 0.46 and 2.20 for soleus and gastrocnemius medialis respectively, NS). Furthermore, the reflex waves calculated both at rest (Hmax/Mmax ratio) and during contraction (Hsup/Msup ratio) also did not change significantly (all F4,36 < 0.98, NS, Table 1).Fig. 3


Modulation in voluntary neural drive in relation to muscle soreness.

Racinais S, Bringard A, Puchaux K, Noakes TD, Perrey S - Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. (2007)

Example of evoked potentials recorded in a representative subject. Each drawing represents the average of three recordings obtained on a relaxed muscle
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2267484&req=5

Fig3: Example of evoked potentials recorded in a representative subject. Each drawing represents the average of three recordings obtained on a relaxed muscle
Mentions: An example of evoked potentials recorded in a representative subject is displayed in Fig. 3 and the mean values are displayed in Table 1. The walking exercise failed to induce significant changes in the evoked potentials both at rest (Mmax, F4,36 = 1.60 and 0.60 for soleus and gastrocnemius medialis respectively, NS) and during the voluntary contraction (Msup, F4,36 = 0.46 and 2.20 for soleus and gastrocnemius medialis respectively, NS). Furthermore, the reflex waves calculated both at rest (Hmax/Mmax ratio) and during contraction (Hsup/Msup ratio) also did not change significantly (all F4,36 < 0.98, NS, Table 1).Fig. 3

Bottom Line: Immediately after exercise there was a -15% decrease in MVT of the plantar flexors partly attributable to an alteration in contractile properties (-23% in electrically evoked mechanical twitch).However, MVT failed to recover before the third day whereas the contractile properties had significantly recovered within the first day.The decrease in voluntary activation occurred in the absence of any variation in spinal modulation estimated from the H-reflex.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Motor Efficiency and Deficiency Laboratory, EA 2991, UFR STAPS, Montpellier, France. contact@sebastienracinais.com

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to investigate whether (1) spinal modulation would change after non-exhausting eccentric exercise of the plantar flexor muscles that produced muscle soreness and (2) central modulation of the motor command would be linked to the development of muscle soreness. Ten healthy subjects volunteered to perform a single bout of backward downhill walking exercise (duration 30 min, velocity 1 ms(-1), negative grade -25%, load 12% of body weight). Neuromuscular test sessions [H-reflex, M-wave, maximal voluntary torque (MVT)] were performed before, immediately after, as well as 1-3 days after the exercise bout. Immediately after exercise there was a -15% decrease in MVT of the plantar flexors partly attributable to an alteration in contractile properties (-23% in electrically evoked mechanical twitch). However, MVT failed to recover before the third day whereas the contractile properties had significantly recovered within the first day. This delayed recovery of MVT was likely related to a decrement in voluntary muscle drive. The decrease in voluntary activation occurred in the absence of any variation in spinal modulation estimated from the H-reflex. Our findings suggest the development of a supraspinal modulation perhaps linked to the presence of muscle soreness.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus