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Constitutive overexpression of a novel 21 kDa protein by Hodgkin lymphoma and aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

Zhou M, Fadlelmola FM, Cohn JB, Skinnider B, Gascoyne RD, Banerjee D - Mol. Cancer (2008)

Bottom Line: Two of these mabs (clone R23.1 mab and clone R24.1 mab) are IgG1 class antibodies that recognize a 21 kDa protein present at the cell membrane and in the cytoplasm in HL-derived cell lines.The antigen recognized by the clone R23.1 mab and clone R24.1 mab does not share epitopes with CD30 cluster regions A, B, or C, and, unlike CD30, is not expressed by phytohemagglutinin (PHA) activated T cells.The 21 kDa protein detected by clone R23.1 and clone R24.1 mabs is a novel membrane-associated protein that may be a potential marker for the diagnosis and targeted therapy of HL and aggressive T and B cell NHL.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Translational and Applied Genomics (CTAG), Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Cancer Centre, BC V5Z 4E6, Canada. mzhou@bccrc.ca

ABSTRACT

Background: CD30, a 120 kDa surface phosphorylated protein is a member of tumour necrosis/nerve growth factor receptor (TNF/NGFR) family and constitutively expressed by Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and the neoplastic cells of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (ALCL). A disease-specific protein marker is yet to be identified in Hodgkin lymphoma cells. In order to define HL-specific biomarkers, novel murine monoclonal antibodies were developed in our laboratory.

Results: Murine monoclonal antibodies (mabs) were raised against the B3 sub clone of HL-derived cell line KM-H2. Two of these mabs (clone R23.1 mab and clone R24.1 mab) are IgG1 class antibodies that recognize a 21 kDa protein present at the cell membrane and in the cytoplasm in HL-derived cell lines. Clone R24.1 mab recognizes a formalin-resistant epitope and labels HRS cells in tissue samples from patients with HL of the classical type, ALCL, and subsets of T and B cell aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL). The antigen recognized by the clone R23.1 mab and clone R24.1 mab does not share epitopes with CD30 cluster regions A, B, or C, and, unlike CD30, is not expressed by phytohemagglutinin (PHA) activated T cells.

Conclusion: The 21 kDa protein detected by clone R23.1 and clone R24.1 mabs is a novel membrane-associated protein that may be a potential marker for the diagnosis and targeted therapy of HL and aggressive T and B cell NHL.

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KMH2 cells labelled with clone R24.1 mab. Both membrane and cytoplasmic staining was observed. Magnification ×400.
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Figure 2: KMH2 cells labelled with clone R24.1 mab. Both membrane and cytoplasmic staining was observed. Magnification ×400.

Mentions: Both antibodies labelled cytoplasmic antigens in all Hodgkin and ALCL cell lines tested (Table 3). Examples are shown in Figure 2. The pattern was generally diffuse in both mononuclear and multinucleated forms of the cells, though strong staining was observed on the cell membrane. The staining pattern was similar to that observed with the BerH2 anti-CD30 antibody.


Constitutive overexpression of a novel 21 kDa protein by Hodgkin lymphoma and aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

Zhou M, Fadlelmola FM, Cohn JB, Skinnider B, Gascoyne RD, Banerjee D - Mol. Cancer (2008)

KMH2 cells labelled with clone R24.1 mab. Both membrane and cytoplasmic staining was observed. Magnification ×400.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2267462&req=5

Figure 2: KMH2 cells labelled with clone R24.1 mab. Both membrane and cytoplasmic staining was observed. Magnification ×400.
Mentions: Both antibodies labelled cytoplasmic antigens in all Hodgkin and ALCL cell lines tested (Table 3). Examples are shown in Figure 2. The pattern was generally diffuse in both mononuclear and multinucleated forms of the cells, though strong staining was observed on the cell membrane. The staining pattern was similar to that observed with the BerH2 anti-CD30 antibody.

Bottom Line: Two of these mabs (clone R23.1 mab and clone R24.1 mab) are IgG1 class antibodies that recognize a 21 kDa protein present at the cell membrane and in the cytoplasm in HL-derived cell lines.The antigen recognized by the clone R23.1 mab and clone R24.1 mab does not share epitopes with CD30 cluster regions A, B, or C, and, unlike CD30, is not expressed by phytohemagglutinin (PHA) activated T cells.The 21 kDa protein detected by clone R23.1 and clone R24.1 mabs is a novel membrane-associated protein that may be a potential marker for the diagnosis and targeted therapy of HL and aggressive T and B cell NHL.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Translational and Applied Genomics (CTAG), Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver Cancer Centre, BC V5Z 4E6, Canada. mzhou@bccrc.ca

ABSTRACT

Background: CD30, a 120 kDa surface phosphorylated protein is a member of tumour necrosis/nerve growth factor receptor (TNF/NGFR) family and constitutively expressed by Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and the neoplastic cells of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (ALCL). A disease-specific protein marker is yet to be identified in Hodgkin lymphoma cells. In order to define HL-specific biomarkers, novel murine monoclonal antibodies were developed in our laboratory.

Results: Murine monoclonal antibodies (mabs) were raised against the B3 sub clone of HL-derived cell line KM-H2. Two of these mabs (clone R23.1 mab and clone R24.1 mab) are IgG1 class antibodies that recognize a 21 kDa protein present at the cell membrane and in the cytoplasm in HL-derived cell lines. Clone R24.1 mab recognizes a formalin-resistant epitope and labels HRS cells in tissue samples from patients with HL of the classical type, ALCL, and subsets of T and B cell aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL). The antigen recognized by the clone R23.1 mab and clone R24.1 mab does not share epitopes with CD30 cluster regions A, B, or C, and, unlike CD30, is not expressed by phytohemagglutinin (PHA) activated T cells.

Conclusion: The 21 kDa protein detected by clone R23.1 and clone R24.1 mabs is a novel membrane-associated protein that may be a potential marker for the diagnosis and targeted therapy of HL and aggressive T and B cell NHL.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus