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Alstrom syndrome (OMIM 203800): a case report and literature review.

Joy T, Cao H, Black G, Malik R, Charlton-Menys V, Hegele RA, Durrington PN - Orphanet J Rare Dis (2007)

Bottom Line: Mutations in the ALMS1 gene have been found to be causative for AS with a total of 79 disease-causing mutations having been described.Examination of her family revealed that her phenotypically unaffected mother and younger sister also had heterozygous mutations in the ALMS1 gene.Two novel mutations in the ALMS1 gene causative for AS have been reported here, thereby increasing the number of reported mutations to 81 and providing a wider basis for mutational screening among affected individuals.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Vascular Biology and Medicine, Robarts Research Institute and Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. tjoy@uwo.ca

ABSTRACT

Background: Alstrom syndrome (AS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by multiorgan dysfunction. The key features are childhood obesity, blindness due to congenital retinal dystrophy, and sensorineural hearing loss. Associated endocrinologic features include hyperinsulinemia, early-onset type 2 diabetes, and hypertriglyceridemia. Thus, AS shares several features with the common metabolic syndrome, namely obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. Mutations in the ALMS1 gene have been found to be causative for AS with a total of 79 disease-causing mutations having been described.

Case presentation: We describe the case of a 27-year old female from an English (Caucasian) kindred. She had been initially referred for hypertriglyceridemia, but demonstrated other features suggestive of AS, including blindness, obesity, type 2 diabetes, renal dysfunction, and hypertension. DNA analysis revealed that she is a compound heterozygote with two novel mutations in the ALMS1 gene - H3882Y and V424I. Examination of her family revealed that her phenotypically unaffected mother and younger sister also had heterozygous mutations in the ALMS1 gene. In addition to presenting these novel molecular findings for AS, we review the clinical and genetic features of AS in the context of our case.

Conclusion: Two novel mutations in the ALMS1 gene causative for AS have been reported here, thereby increasing the number of reported mutations to 81 and providing a wider basis for mutational screening among affected individuals.

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Normal ALMS1 gene structure*. * Figure 2 is not drawn to scale.
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Figure 2: Normal ALMS1 gene structure*. * Figure 2 is not drawn to scale.

Mentions: AS is an autosomal-recessive disease that demonstrates intrafamilial and interfamilial variation. To date, a total of 81 disease-causing ALMS1 mutations have been reported, including the 2 reported from our group [11]. A schematic representation of the normal ALMS1 gene and the ALMS1 mutations causative of AS are shown in Figures 2, 3, 4.


Alstrom syndrome (OMIM 203800): a case report and literature review.

Joy T, Cao H, Black G, Malik R, Charlton-Menys V, Hegele RA, Durrington PN - Orphanet J Rare Dis (2007)

Normal ALMS1 gene structure*. * Figure 2 is not drawn to scale.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2266715&req=5

Figure 2: Normal ALMS1 gene structure*. * Figure 2 is not drawn to scale.
Mentions: AS is an autosomal-recessive disease that demonstrates intrafamilial and interfamilial variation. To date, a total of 81 disease-causing ALMS1 mutations have been reported, including the 2 reported from our group [11]. A schematic representation of the normal ALMS1 gene and the ALMS1 mutations causative of AS are shown in Figures 2, 3, 4.

Bottom Line: Mutations in the ALMS1 gene have been found to be causative for AS with a total of 79 disease-causing mutations having been described.Examination of her family revealed that her phenotypically unaffected mother and younger sister also had heterozygous mutations in the ALMS1 gene.Two novel mutations in the ALMS1 gene causative for AS have been reported here, thereby increasing the number of reported mutations to 81 and providing a wider basis for mutational screening among affected individuals.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Vascular Biology and Medicine, Robarts Research Institute and Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada. tjoy@uwo.ca

ABSTRACT

Background: Alstrom syndrome (AS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by multiorgan dysfunction. The key features are childhood obesity, blindness due to congenital retinal dystrophy, and sensorineural hearing loss. Associated endocrinologic features include hyperinsulinemia, early-onset type 2 diabetes, and hypertriglyceridemia. Thus, AS shares several features with the common metabolic syndrome, namely obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. Mutations in the ALMS1 gene have been found to be causative for AS with a total of 79 disease-causing mutations having been described.

Case presentation: We describe the case of a 27-year old female from an English (Caucasian) kindred. She had been initially referred for hypertriglyceridemia, but demonstrated other features suggestive of AS, including blindness, obesity, type 2 diabetes, renal dysfunction, and hypertension. DNA analysis revealed that she is a compound heterozygote with two novel mutations in the ALMS1 gene - H3882Y and V424I. Examination of her family revealed that her phenotypically unaffected mother and younger sister also had heterozygous mutations in the ALMS1 gene. In addition to presenting these novel molecular findings for AS, we review the clinical and genetic features of AS in the context of our case.

Conclusion: Two novel mutations in the ALMS1 gene causative for AS have been reported here, thereby increasing the number of reported mutations to 81 and providing a wider basis for mutational screening among affected individuals.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus