Limits...
New data on African health professionals abroad.

Clemens MA, Pettersson G - Hum Resour Health (2008)

Bottom Line: But empirical research on the causes and effects of the phenomenon has been hampered by a lack of systematic data on the extent of African health workers' international movements.The fraction of health professionals abroad varies enormously across African countries, from 1% to over 70% according to the occupation and country.These numbers are the first standardized, systematic, occupation-specific measure of skilled professionals working in developed countries and born in a large number of developing countries.

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Affiliation: Center for Global Development, 1776 Massachusetts Ave, NW, Suite 301, Washington, DC 20036, USA. mclemens@cgdev.org

ABSTRACT

Background: The migration of doctors and nurses from Africa to developed countries has raised fears of an African medical brain drain. But empirical research on the causes and effects of the phenomenon has been hampered by a lack of systematic data on the extent of African health workers' international movements.

Methods: We use destination-country census data to estimate the number of African-born doctors and professional nurses working abroad in a developed country circa 2000, and compare this to the stocks of these workers in each country of origin.

Results: Approximately 65,000 African-born physicians and 70,000 African-born professional nurses were working overseas in a developed country in the year 2000. This represents about one fifth of African-born physicians in the world, and about one tenth of African-born professional nurses. The fraction of health professionals abroad varies enormously across African countries, from 1% to over 70% according to the occupation and country.

Conclusion: These numbers are the first standardized, systematic, occupation-specific measure of skilled professionals working in developed countries and born in a large number of developing countries.

No MeSH data available.


Fraction of African-born professional nurses residing and working abroad circa 2000.
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Figure 2: Fraction of African-born professional nurses residing and working abroad circa 2000.

Mentions: Table 1 presents the number of African-born physicians residing in the nine principal destination countries circa 2000, and Table 2 presents the numbers for professional nurses. Combined with statistics for the number of physicians and professional nurses who live and work in each African country, this allows us to estimate – in the final column of each table – the fraction of total doctors and nurses born in each African country who live abroad. Figure 1 presents this fraction graphically for physicians from all African countries, and Figure 2 does the same for nurses. Note well that the numbers of doctors and nurses working in each African country includes those of all countries of birth.


New data on African health professionals abroad.

Clemens MA, Pettersson G - Hum Resour Health (2008)

Fraction of African-born professional nurses residing and working abroad circa 2000.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2254438&req=5

Figure 2: Fraction of African-born professional nurses residing and working abroad circa 2000.
Mentions: Table 1 presents the number of African-born physicians residing in the nine principal destination countries circa 2000, and Table 2 presents the numbers for professional nurses. Combined with statistics for the number of physicians and professional nurses who live and work in each African country, this allows us to estimate – in the final column of each table – the fraction of total doctors and nurses born in each African country who live abroad. Figure 1 presents this fraction graphically for physicians from all African countries, and Figure 2 does the same for nurses. Note well that the numbers of doctors and nurses working in each African country includes those of all countries of birth.

Bottom Line: But empirical research on the causes and effects of the phenomenon has been hampered by a lack of systematic data on the extent of African health workers' international movements.The fraction of health professionals abroad varies enormously across African countries, from 1% to over 70% according to the occupation and country.These numbers are the first standardized, systematic, occupation-specific measure of skilled professionals working in developed countries and born in a large number of developing countries.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Center for Global Development, 1776 Massachusetts Ave, NW, Suite 301, Washington, DC 20036, USA. mclemens@cgdev.org

ABSTRACT

Background: The migration of doctors and nurses from Africa to developed countries has raised fears of an African medical brain drain. But empirical research on the causes and effects of the phenomenon has been hampered by a lack of systematic data on the extent of African health workers' international movements.

Methods: We use destination-country census data to estimate the number of African-born doctors and professional nurses working abroad in a developed country circa 2000, and compare this to the stocks of these workers in each country of origin.

Results: Approximately 65,000 African-born physicians and 70,000 African-born professional nurses were working overseas in a developed country in the year 2000. This represents about one fifth of African-born physicians in the world, and about one tenth of African-born professional nurses. The fraction of health professionals abroad varies enormously across African countries, from 1% to over 70% according to the occupation and country.

Conclusion: These numbers are the first standardized, systematic, occupation-specific measure of skilled professionals working in developed countries and born in a large number of developing countries.

No MeSH data available.