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Teaching clinical pharmacology and therapeutics with an emphasis on the therapeutic reasoning of undergraduate medical students.

Richir MC, Tichelaar J, Geijteman EC, de Vries TP - Eur. J. Clin. Pharmacol. (2008)

Bottom Line: The learning objectives of CP&T teaching in terms of developing the therapeutic competencies of undergraduate medical students are described, with an emphasis on therapeutic decision-making.On the basis of current theories of cognitive psychology and medical education, context-learning is presented as an effective approach by which to achieve therapeutic competencies.An example of a CP&T curriculum is presented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacy, Section Pharmacotherapy, VU University Medical Center (VUMC), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

ABSTRACT

Background: The rational prescribing of drugs is an essential skill of medical doctors. Clinical pharmacologists play an important role in the development of these skills by teaching clinical pharmacology and therapeutics (CP&T) to undergraduate medical students. Although the approaches to teaching CP&T have undergone many changes over the last decennia, it is essential that the actual teaching of CP&T continues to be a major part of the undergraduate medical curriculum.

Objectives: The learning objectives of CP&T teaching in terms of developing the therapeutic competencies of undergraduate medical students are described, with an emphasis on therapeutic decision-making. On the basis of current theories of cognitive psychology and medical education, context-learning is presented as an effective approach by which to achieve therapeutic competencies. An example of a CP&T curriculum is presented.

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Outline of a CP&T curriculum
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Fig4: Outline of a CP&T curriculum

Mentions: Figure 4 shows the different learning activities and their mutual relations. The horizontal lines represent the three learning components: knowledge [upper line: basic pharmacology, clinical pharmacology, therapeutics (1) and therapeutics (2)], clinical practice (middle line: video patients, patient demonstrations, observation of consultations and prescribing drugs) and skills [lower line: prescription, drug formulary, prescribing (6-steps) and CP&T literature]. The vertical lines describe the simultaneous use of these three components in order to realise a context-learning curriculum.Fig. 4


Teaching clinical pharmacology and therapeutics with an emphasis on the therapeutic reasoning of undergraduate medical students.

Richir MC, Tichelaar J, Geijteman EC, de Vries TP - Eur. J. Clin. Pharmacol. (2008)

Outline of a CP&T curriculum
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2235908&req=5

Fig4: Outline of a CP&T curriculum
Mentions: Figure 4 shows the different learning activities and their mutual relations. The horizontal lines represent the three learning components: knowledge [upper line: basic pharmacology, clinical pharmacology, therapeutics (1) and therapeutics (2)], clinical practice (middle line: video patients, patient demonstrations, observation of consultations and prescribing drugs) and skills [lower line: prescription, drug formulary, prescribing (6-steps) and CP&T literature]. The vertical lines describe the simultaneous use of these three components in order to realise a context-learning curriculum.Fig. 4

Bottom Line: The learning objectives of CP&T teaching in terms of developing the therapeutic competencies of undergraduate medical students are described, with an emphasis on therapeutic decision-making.On the basis of current theories of cognitive psychology and medical education, context-learning is presented as an effective approach by which to achieve therapeutic competencies.An example of a CP&T curriculum is presented.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacy, Section Pharmacotherapy, VU University Medical Center (VUMC), Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

ABSTRACT

Background: The rational prescribing of drugs is an essential skill of medical doctors. Clinical pharmacologists play an important role in the development of these skills by teaching clinical pharmacology and therapeutics (CP&T) to undergraduate medical students. Although the approaches to teaching CP&T have undergone many changes over the last decennia, it is essential that the actual teaching of CP&T continues to be a major part of the undergraduate medical curriculum.

Objectives: The learning objectives of CP&T teaching in terms of developing the therapeutic competencies of undergraduate medical students are described, with an emphasis on therapeutic decision-making. On the basis of current theories of cognitive psychology and medical education, context-learning is presented as an effective approach by which to achieve therapeutic competencies. An example of a CP&T curriculum is presented.

Show MeSH