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Modulation of LPS stimulated NF-kappaB mediated Nitric Oxide production by PKCepsilon and JAK2 in RAW macrophages.

Jones E, Adcock IM, Ahmed BY, Punchard NA - J Inflamm (Lond) (2007)

Bottom Line: These effects were associated with changes in p65 nuclear translocation.Furthermore, a partial inhibitory effect on LPS-induced NO release was seen with the JAK2 inhibitor AG-490 and the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB 203850.The results further define the role of NF-kappaB in LPS stimulated NO production in RAW macrophages.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Health & Biosciences, University of East London, London, UK. n.punchard@uel.ac.uk.

ABSTRACT

Background: Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) has been shown to play an important role in regulating the expression of many genes involved in cell survival, immunity and in the inflammatory processes. NF-kappaB activation upregulates inducible nitric oxide synthase leading to enhanced nitric oxide production during an inflammatory response. NF-kappaB activation is regulated by distinct kinase pathways independent of inhibitor of kappaB kinase (IKK). Here, we examine the role of protein kinase C isoforms and janus activated kinase 2 (JAK2) activation in NF-kappaB activation and LPS-stimulated NO production.

Methods: Murine RAW 264.7 macrophages were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and a combination of LPS and PMA in the presence or absence of various inhibitors of PKC isoforms and JAK2. Nuclear translocation of the NF-kappaB p65 subunit, was assessed by Western blot analysis whilst NO levels were assessed by Greiss assay.

Results: LPS-stimulated NO production was attenuated by PMA whilst PMA alone did not affect NO release. These effects were associated with changes in p65 nuclear translocation. The PKCalpha, beta, gamma, delta and zeta inhibitor Gö 6983 (Go) had no effect on LPS-induced NO release. In contrast, Bisindolymalemide I (Bis), a PKC alpha, betaI, betaII, gamma, delta and epsilon isoform inhibitors completely inhibited LPS-stimulated NO production without affecting p65 nuclear translocation. Furthermore, a partial inhibitory effect on LPS-induced NO release was seen with the JAK2 inhibitor AG-490 and the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB 203850.

Conclusion: The results further define the role of NF-kappaB in LPS stimulated NO production in RAW macrophages. The data support a function for PKCepsilon, JAK2 and p38 MAPK in NF-kappaB activation following p65 nuclear import.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

NF-κB activation in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. RAW cells were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/ml) for between 0–5 hours. Cells were harvested and nuclear NF-κB-p65 levels were assessed by Western blotting. (a) Representative Western blot of p65 expression. Equal amounts of nuclear proteins are loaded onto each lane. (b) Graphical representation of % increase in p65 nuclear localisation shown in (a) above. Data is presented as mean ± sem, *p < 0.05, n = 6 independent measurements.
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Figure 2: NF-κB activation in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. RAW cells were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/ml) for between 0–5 hours. Cells were harvested and nuclear NF-κB-p65 levels were assessed by Western blotting. (a) Representative Western blot of p65 expression. Equal amounts of nuclear proteins are loaded onto each lane. (b) Graphical representation of % increase in p65 nuclear localisation shown in (a) above. Data is presented as mean ± sem, *p < 0.05, n = 6 independent measurements.

Mentions: LPS (1 μg/ml) induced a significant 4-fold induction of p65 nuclear translocation which was maintained for up to 5 hours (p < 0.05, Fig. 2). PMA alone also significantly induced NF-κB activation (data not shown), however, combined effect of PMA and LPS-stimulated NF-κB showed an 8-fold increase within 30 minutes PMA reduced the duration of LPS-stimulated p65 nuclear translocation from > 5 to less than 2 hours (Fig. 3).


Modulation of LPS stimulated NF-kappaB mediated Nitric Oxide production by PKCepsilon and JAK2 in RAW macrophages.

Jones E, Adcock IM, Ahmed BY, Punchard NA - J Inflamm (Lond) (2007)

NF-κB activation in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. RAW cells were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/ml) for between 0–5 hours. Cells were harvested and nuclear NF-κB-p65 levels were assessed by Western blotting. (a) Representative Western blot of p65 expression. Equal amounts of nuclear proteins are loaded onto each lane. (b) Graphical representation of % increase in p65 nuclear localisation shown in (a) above. Data is presented as mean ± sem, *p < 0.05, n = 6 independent measurements.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2211292&req=5

Figure 2: NF-κB activation in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. RAW cells were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/ml) for between 0–5 hours. Cells were harvested and nuclear NF-κB-p65 levels were assessed by Western blotting. (a) Representative Western blot of p65 expression. Equal amounts of nuclear proteins are loaded onto each lane. (b) Graphical representation of % increase in p65 nuclear localisation shown in (a) above. Data is presented as mean ± sem, *p < 0.05, n = 6 independent measurements.
Mentions: LPS (1 μg/ml) induced a significant 4-fold induction of p65 nuclear translocation which was maintained for up to 5 hours (p < 0.05, Fig. 2). PMA alone also significantly induced NF-κB activation (data not shown), however, combined effect of PMA and LPS-stimulated NF-κB showed an 8-fold increase within 30 minutes PMA reduced the duration of LPS-stimulated p65 nuclear translocation from > 5 to less than 2 hours (Fig. 3).

Bottom Line: These effects were associated with changes in p65 nuclear translocation.Furthermore, a partial inhibitory effect on LPS-induced NO release was seen with the JAK2 inhibitor AG-490 and the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB 203850.The results further define the role of NF-kappaB in LPS stimulated NO production in RAW macrophages.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Health & Biosciences, University of East London, London, UK. n.punchard@uel.ac.uk.

ABSTRACT

Background: Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) has been shown to play an important role in regulating the expression of many genes involved in cell survival, immunity and in the inflammatory processes. NF-kappaB activation upregulates inducible nitric oxide synthase leading to enhanced nitric oxide production during an inflammatory response. NF-kappaB activation is regulated by distinct kinase pathways independent of inhibitor of kappaB kinase (IKK). Here, we examine the role of protein kinase C isoforms and janus activated kinase 2 (JAK2) activation in NF-kappaB activation and LPS-stimulated NO production.

Methods: Murine RAW 264.7 macrophages were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and a combination of LPS and PMA in the presence or absence of various inhibitors of PKC isoforms and JAK2. Nuclear translocation of the NF-kappaB p65 subunit, was assessed by Western blot analysis whilst NO levels were assessed by Greiss assay.

Results: LPS-stimulated NO production was attenuated by PMA whilst PMA alone did not affect NO release. These effects were associated with changes in p65 nuclear translocation. The PKCalpha, beta, gamma, delta and zeta inhibitor Gö 6983 (Go) had no effect on LPS-induced NO release. In contrast, Bisindolymalemide I (Bis), a PKC alpha, betaI, betaII, gamma, delta and epsilon isoform inhibitors completely inhibited LPS-stimulated NO production without affecting p65 nuclear translocation. Furthermore, a partial inhibitory effect on LPS-induced NO release was seen with the JAK2 inhibitor AG-490 and the p38 MAPK inhibitor SB 203850.

Conclusion: The results further define the role of NF-kappaB in LPS stimulated NO production in RAW macrophages. The data support a function for PKCepsilon, JAK2 and p38 MAPK in NF-kappaB activation following p65 nuclear import.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus