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Effects of visually simulated roll motion on vection and postural stabilization.

Tanahashi S, Ujike H, Kozawa R, Ukai K - J Neuroeng Rehabil (2007)

Bottom Line: However, self-motion does not need to be consciously perceived to influence postural control.There was no clear habituation for vection and posture, and no effect of stimulus type.Our results suggested that visual stimulus motion itself affects postural control, and supported the idea that the same visual motion signal is used for vection and postural control.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan. kg21mj23@toki.waesda.jp

ABSTRACT

Background: Visual motion often provokes vection (the induced perception of self-motion) and postural movement. Postural movement is known to increase during vection, suggesting the same visual motion signal underlies vection and postural control. However, self-motion does not need to be consciously perceived to influence postural control. Therefore, visual motion itself may affect postural control mechanisms. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of visual motion and vection on postural movements during and after exposure to a visual stimulus motion.

Methods: Eighteen observers completed four experimental conditions, the order of which was counterbalanced across observers. Conditions corresponded to the four possible combinations of rotation direction of the visually simulated roll motion stimulus and the two different visual stimulus patterns. The velocity of the roll motion was held constant in all conditions at 60 deg/s. Observers assumed the standard Romberg stance, and postural movements were measured using a force platform and a head position sensor affixed to a helmet they wore. Observers pressed a button when they perceived vection. Postural responses and psychophysical parameters related to vection were analyzed.

Results: During exposure to the moving stimulus, body sway and head position of all observers moved in the same direction as the stimulus. Moreover, they deviated more during vection perception than no-vection-perception, and during no-vection-perception than no-visual-stimulus-motion. The postural movements also fluctuated more during vection-perception than no-vection-perception, and during no-vection-perception than no-visual-stimulus-motion, both in the left/right and anterior/posterior directions. There was no clear habituation for vection and posture, and no effect of stimulus type.

Conclusion: Our results suggested that visual stimulus motion itself affects postural control, and supported the idea that the same visual motion signal is used for vection and postural control. We speculated that the mechanisms underlying the processing of visual motion signals for postural control and vection perception operate using different thresholds, and that a frame of reference for body orientation perception changed along with vection perception induced further increment of postural sway.

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Averaged-SD of postural responses for L/R and A/P directions. (a) Averaged-SD of COP or head position during vection and no-vection in both the L/R and A/P directions. Also shown are the continuous values of averaged-SD of either (b) COP or (c) head position after the visual stimulus motion ceased. The two data points in the left-most part of (b) and (c) represent averaged-SD in the L/R and A/P directions during visual-stimulus-motion.
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Figure 5: Averaged-SD of postural responses for L/R and A/P directions. (a) Averaged-SD of COP or head position during vection and no-vection in both the L/R and A/P directions. Also shown are the continuous values of averaged-SD of either (b) COP or (c) head position after the visual stimulus motion ceased. The two data points in the left-most part of (b) and (c) represent averaged-SD in the L/R and A/P directions during visual-stimulus-motion.

Mentions: Postural movements clearly fluctuated in the L/R and A/P directions, and this was more pronounced during periods of vection. As shown in Figures 5a, the averaged-SD of COP in both the L/R and A/P directions during vection were significantly greater than those during no-vection (p < 0.05). Figure 5a depicted also the averaged-SD of head position during vection and no-vection. The averaged-SD of head position in both the L/R and A/P directions during vection were significantly greater than those during no-vection (for L/R, p < 0.01; for A/P, p < 0.05). Moreover, the averaged-SD of COP and head position in both the L/R and A/P directions during visual-stimulus-motion were significantly greater than those during no-visual-stimulus-motion (p < 0.001). In addition, for COP in motion and head position in no-motion, the averaged-SD did not differ significantly between the L/R and A/P directions (p > 0.1). Similarly, the averaged-SD of COP and head position in both the no-vection and the vection periods did not differ between the L/R and A/P directions (p > 0.1).


Effects of visually simulated roll motion on vection and postural stabilization.

Tanahashi S, Ujike H, Kozawa R, Ukai K - J Neuroeng Rehabil (2007)

Averaged-SD of postural responses for L/R and A/P directions. (a) Averaged-SD of COP or head position during vection and no-vection in both the L/R and A/P directions. Also shown are the continuous values of averaged-SD of either (b) COP or (c) head position after the visual stimulus motion ceased. The two data points in the left-most part of (b) and (c) represent averaged-SD in the L/R and A/P directions during visual-stimulus-motion.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2169230&req=5

Figure 5: Averaged-SD of postural responses for L/R and A/P directions. (a) Averaged-SD of COP or head position during vection and no-vection in both the L/R and A/P directions. Also shown are the continuous values of averaged-SD of either (b) COP or (c) head position after the visual stimulus motion ceased. The two data points in the left-most part of (b) and (c) represent averaged-SD in the L/R and A/P directions during visual-stimulus-motion.
Mentions: Postural movements clearly fluctuated in the L/R and A/P directions, and this was more pronounced during periods of vection. As shown in Figures 5a, the averaged-SD of COP in both the L/R and A/P directions during vection were significantly greater than those during no-vection (p < 0.05). Figure 5a depicted also the averaged-SD of head position during vection and no-vection. The averaged-SD of head position in both the L/R and A/P directions during vection were significantly greater than those during no-vection (for L/R, p < 0.01; for A/P, p < 0.05). Moreover, the averaged-SD of COP and head position in both the L/R and A/P directions during visual-stimulus-motion were significantly greater than those during no-visual-stimulus-motion (p < 0.001). In addition, for COP in motion and head position in no-motion, the averaged-SD did not differ significantly between the L/R and A/P directions (p > 0.1). Similarly, the averaged-SD of COP and head position in both the no-vection and the vection periods did not differ between the L/R and A/P directions (p > 0.1).

Bottom Line: However, self-motion does not need to be consciously perceived to influence postural control.There was no clear habituation for vection and posture, and no effect of stimulus type.Our results suggested that visual stimulus motion itself affects postural control, and supported the idea that the same visual motion signal is used for vection and postural control.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan. kg21mj23@toki.waesda.jp

ABSTRACT

Background: Visual motion often provokes vection (the induced perception of self-motion) and postural movement. Postural movement is known to increase during vection, suggesting the same visual motion signal underlies vection and postural control. However, self-motion does not need to be consciously perceived to influence postural control. Therefore, visual motion itself may affect postural control mechanisms. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of visual motion and vection on postural movements during and after exposure to a visual stimulus motion.

Methods: Eighteen observers completed four experimental conditions, the order of which was counterbalanced across observers. Conditions corresponded to the four possible combinations of rotation direction of the visually simulated roll motion stimulus and the two different visual stimulus patterns. The velocity of the roll motion was held constant in all conditions at 60 deg/s. Observers assumed the standard Romberg stance, and postural movements were measured using a force platform and a head position sensor affixed to a helmet they wore. Observers pressed a button when they perceived vection. Postural responses and psychophysical parameters related to vection were analyzed.

Results: During exposure to the moving stimulus, body sway and head position of all observers moved in the same direction as the stimulus. Moreover, they deviated more during vection perception than no-vection-perception, and during no-vection-perception than no-visual-stimulus-motion. The postural movements also fluctuated more during vection-perception than no-vection-perception, and during no-vection-perception than no-visual-stimulus-motion, both in the left/right and anterior/posterior directions. There was no clear habituation for vection and posture, and no effect of stimulus type.

Conclusion: Our results suggested that visual stimulus motion itself affects postural control, and supported the idea that the same visual motion signal is used for vection and postural control. We speculated that the mechanisms underlying the processing of visual motion signals for postural control and vection perception operate using different thresholds, and that a frame of reference for body orientation perception changed along with vection perception induced further increment of postural sway.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus