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The shape of the global causes of death.

Barford A, Dorling D - Int J Health Geogr (2007)

Bottom Line: Physicians and other health professionals often specialise in the specifics of causes, symptoms and effects.For some practitioners gaining a worldview of disease burden complements smaller scale medical knowledge of where and how people are affected by each condition.Ten cartograms based on World Health Organisation Burden of Disease data are introduced here; alongside seven based on data from other sources.

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Affiliation: Social and Spatial Inequalities Group, Department of Geography, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. Anna.Barford@sheffield.ac.uk

ABSTRACT

Background: World maps can provide an instant visual overview of the distribution of diseases and deaths.

Results: There is a particular geography to each type of death: in some places many thousands of deaths are caused by a particular condition, whilst other equally populous areas have few to no deaths from the same cause.

Conclusion: Physicians and other health professionals often specialise in the specifics of causes, symptoms and effects. For some practitioners gaining a worldview of disease burden complements smaller scale medical knowledge of where and how people are affected by each condition. Maps can make health related information much more accessible to planners and the general public than can tables, text, or even graphs. Ten cartograms based on World Health Organisation Burden of Disease data are introduced here; alongside seven based on data from other sources. The Burden of Disease cartograms are the latest in a much larger collection of social, economic and health world maps.

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Worldmapper map 1: Land area. See [18] for further details.
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Figure 10: Worldmapper map 1: Land area. See [18] for further details.

Mentions: To understand the distribution of diseases requires first understanding the global distribution of people. People are distributed very differently to land (the land distribution is shown in Figure 10). The distribution of people is the most simple map of who is at risk of disease and is shown in Figure 11 where areas are drawn in proportion to population in the year 2002. Of course, different people face different risks depending on a large number of factors. Figure 12 illustrates how these too are unevenly distributed by showing the world shaped by the elderly population aged 65 years or more. Figure 13 shows one additional risk factor for one group: the world shaped by the number of men who smoke. Lastly in introduction it is worth looking again at Figure 9 which shows the world shaped by the proportion of people living in poverty as internationally understood.


The shape of the global causes of death.

Barford A, Dorling D - Int J Health Geogr (2007)

Worldmapper map 1: Land area. See [18] for further details.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2164951&req=5

Figure 10: Worldmapper map 1: Land area. See [18] for further details.
Mentions: To understand the distribution of diseases requires first understanding the global distribution of people. People are distributed very differently to land (the land distribution is shown in Figure 10). The distribution of people is the most simple map of who is at risk of disease and is shown in Figure 11 where areas are drawn in proportion to population in the year 2002. Of course, different people face different risks depending on a large number of factors. Figure 12 illustrates how these too are unevenly distributed by showing the world shaped by the elderly population aged 65 years or more. Figure 13 shows one additional risk factor for one group: the world shaped by the number of men who smoke. Lastly in introduction it is worth looking again at Figure 9 which shows the world shaped by the proportion of people living in poverty as internationally understood.

Bottom Line: Physicians and other health professionals often specialise in the specifics of causes, symptoms and effects.For some practitioners gaining a worldview of disease burden complements smaller scale medical knowledge of where and how people are affected by each condition.Ten cartograms based on World Health Organisation Burden of Disease data are introduced here; alongside seven based on data from other sources.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Social and Spatial Inequalities Group, Department of Geography, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. Anna.Barford@sheffield.ac.uk

ABSTRACT

Background: World maps can provide an instant visual overview of the distribution of diseases and deaths.

Results: There is a particular geography to each type of death: in some places many thousands of deaths are caused by a particular condition, whilst other equally populous areas have few to no deaths from the same cause.

Conclusion: Physicians and other health professionals often specialise in the specifics of causes, symptoms and effects. For some practitioners gaining a worldview of disease burden complements smaller scale medical knowledge of where and how people are affected by each condition. Maps can make health related information much more accessible to planners and the general public than can tables, text, or even graphs. Ten cartograms based on World Health Organisation Burden of Disease data are introduced here; alongside seven based on data from other sources. The Burden of Disease cartograms are the latest in a much larger collection of social, economic and health world maps.

Show MeSH