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DNA copy number profiles of gastric cancer precursor lesions.

Buffart TE, Carvalho B, Mons T, Reis RM, Moutinho C, Silva P, van Grieken NC, Vieth M, Stolte M, van de Velde CJ, Schrock E, Matthaei A, Ylstra B, Carneiro F, Meijer GA - BMC Genomics (2007)

Bottom Line: The most frequent aberrations in intestinal-type gastric adenoma were gains on 11q, 9q and 8, and losses on chromosomes 5q, 6, 10 and 13, whereas in pyloric gland gastric adenomas these were gains on chromosome 20 and losses on 5q and 6.However, no significant differences were observed between the two adenoma types.The phenotypical entities, intestinal-type and pyloric gland adenomas, however, do not differ significantly (P = 0.8) at the level of DNA copy number changes.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pathology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. t.buffart@vumc.nl

ABSTRACT

Background: Chromosomal instability (CIN) is the most prevalent type of genomic instability in gastric tumours, but its role in malignant transformation of the gastric mucosa is still obscure. In the present study, we set out to study whether two morphologically distinct categories of gastric cancer precursor lesions, i.e. intestinal-type and pyloric gland adenomas, would carry different patterns of DNA copy number changes, possibly reflecting distinct genetic pathways of gastric carcinogenesis in these two adenoma types.

Results: Using a 5K BAC array CGH platform, we showed that the most common aberrations shared by the 11 intestinal-type and 10 pyloric gland adenomas were gains of chromosomes 9 (29%), 11q (29%) and 20 (33%), and losses of chromosomes 13q (48%), 6(48%), 5(43%) and 10 (33%). The most frequent aberrations in intestinal-type gastric adenoma were gains on 11q, 9q and 8, and losses on chromosomes 5q, 6, 10 and 13, whereas in pyloric gland gastric adenomas these were gains on chromosome 20 and losses on 5q and 6. However, no significant differences were observed between the two adenoma types.

Conclusion: The results suggest that gains on chromosomes 8, 9q, 11q and 20, and losses on chromosomes 5q, 6, 10 and 13, likely represent early events in gastric carcinogenesis. The phenotypical entities, intestinal-type and pyloric gland adenomas, however, do not differ significantly (P = 0.8) at the level of DNA copy number changes.

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Haematoxilin and eosin staining (original magnification ×400) of intestinal-type (A) and pyloric gland (B) gastric adenomas. A. Intestinal-type adenoma of the stomach composed of irregularly arranged glands composed of intestinal-type epithelium with eosinophilic cytoplasm and enlarged nuclei. B. Pyloric gland adenoma of the stomach composed of densely back to back packed glands consisting of cells with pale cytoplasm and small round hyperchromatic nuclei.
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Figure 2: Haematoxilin and eosin staining (original magnification ×400) of intestinal-type (A) and pyloric gland (B) gastric adenomas. A. Intestinal-type adenoma of the stomach composed of irregularly arranged glands composed of intestinal-type epithelium with eosinophilic cytoplasm and enlarged nuclei. B. Pyloric gland adenoma of the stomach composed of densely back to back packed glands consisting of cells with pale cytoplasm and small round hyperchromatic nuclei.

Mentions: Twenty-one paraffin-embedded gastric adenomas, 11 intestinal-type and 10 pyloric gland adenomas, were included in this study (Figure 2A and 2B). Tumour and patient data are given in Table 3. For each case, a tumour area consisting for at least 70% of tumour cells was demarcated on a 4 μm hematoxylin and eosin stained tissue section. Adjacent 10–15 serial tissue sections of 10 μm were stained with hematoxylin and the corresponding tumour area was microdissected using a surgical blade. A final 4μm "sandwich" section was made and stained with hemotoxylin and eosin, to compare with the first slide as a control. After deparaffinization, DNA was extracted by a column-based method (QIAamp DNA mini kit; Qiagen, Westburg, Leusden, NL) [38].


DNA copy number profiles of gastric cancer precursor lesions.

Buffart TE, Carvalho B, Mons T, Reis RM, Moutinho C, Silva P, van Grieken NC, Vieth M, Stolte M, van de Velde CJ, Schrock E, Matthaei A, Ylstra B, Carneiro F, Meijer GA - BMC Genomics (2007)

Haematoxilin and eosin staining (original magnification ×400) of intestinal-type (A) and pyloric gland (B) gastric adenomas. A. Intestinal-type adenoma of the stomach composed of irregularly arranged glands composed of intestinal-type epithelium with eosinophilic cytoplasm and enlarged nuclei. B. Pyloric gland adenoma of the stomach composed of densely back to back packed glands consisting of cells with pale cytoplasm and small round hyperchromatic nuclei.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC2147033&req=5

Figure 2: Haematoxilin and eosin staining (original magnification ×400) of intestinal-type (A) and pyloric gland (B) gastric adenomas. A. Intestinal-type adenoma of the stomach composed of irregularly arranged glands composed of intestinal-type epithelium with eosinophilic cytoplasm and enlarged nuclei. B. Pyloric gland adenoma of the stomach composed of densely back to back packed glands consisting of cells with pale cytoplasm and small round hyperchromatic nuclei.
Mentions: Twenty-one paraffin-embedded gastric adenomas, 11 intestinal-type and 10 pyloric gland adenomas, were included in this study (Figure 2A and 2B). Tumour and patient data are given in Table 3. For each case, a tumour area consisting for at least 70% of tumour cells was demarcated on a 4 μm hematoxylin and eosin stained tissue section. Adjacent 10–15 serial tissue sections of 10 μm were stained with hematoxylin and the corresponding tumour area was microdissected using a surgical blade. A final 4μm "sandwich" section was made and stained with hemotoxylin and eosin, to compare with the first slide as a control. After deparaffinization, DNA was extracted by a column-based method (QIAamp DNA mini kit; Qiagen, Westburg, Leusden, NL) [38].

Bottom Line: The most frequent aberrations in intestinal-type gastric adenoma were gains on 11q, 9q and 8, and losses on chromosomes 5q, 6, 10 and 13, whereas in pyloric gland gastric adenomas these were gains on chromosome 20 and losses on 5q and 6.However, no significant differences were observed between the two adenoma types.The phenotypical entities, intestinal-type and pyloric gland adenomas, however, do not differ significantly (P = 0.8) at the level of DNA copy number changes.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pathology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. t.buffart@vumc.nl

ABSTRACT

Background: Chromosomal instability (CIN) is the most prevalent type of genomic instability in gastric tumours, but its role in malignant transformation of the gastric mucosa is still obscure. In the present study, we set out to study whether two morphologically distinct categories of gastric cancer precursor lesions, i.e. intestinal-type and pyloric gland adenomas, would carry different patterns of DNA copy number changes, possibly reflecting distinct genetic pathways of gastric carcinogenesis in these two adenoma types.

Results: Using a 5K BAC array CGH platform, we showed that the most common aberrations shared by the 11 intestinal-type and 10 pyloric gland adenomas were gains of chromosomes 9 (29%), 11q (29%) and 20 (33%), and losses of chromosomes 13q (48%), 6(48%), 5(43%) and 10 (33%). The most frequent aberrations in intestinal-type gastric adenoma were gains on 11q, 9q and 8, and losses on chromosomes 5q, 6, 10 and 13, whereas in pyloric gland gastric adenomas these were gains on chromosome 20 and losses on 5q and 6. However, no significant differences were observed between the two adenoma types.

Conclusion: The results suggest that gains on chromosomes 8, 9q, 11q and 20, and losses on chromosomes 5q, 6, 10 and 13, likely represent early events in gastric carcinogenesis. The phenotypical entities, intestinal-type and pyloric gland adenomas, however, do not differ significantly (P = 0.8) at the level of DNA copy number changes.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus