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Interaction of multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells with amphiphiles.

Loe DW, Sharom FJ - Br. J. Cancer (1993)

Bottom Line: Cross-resistance to cationic amphiphiles was observed, which was effectively sensitised by verapamil.Collateral sensitivity is thus not a result of decreased Triton X-100 association with the cell.Increasing levels of drug resistance correlated with a progressive shift in the mean cell fluorescence to lower levels, which suggests that the packing density in the outer leaflet of MDR cells is increased relative to that of the drug-sensitive parent.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

ABSTRACT
The interaction of membrane-active amphiphiles with a series of MDR Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines was investigated. Cross-resistance to cationic amphiphiles was observed, which was effectively sensitised by verapamil. MDR cells showed collateral sensitivity to polyoxyethylene amphiphiles (Triton X-100/Nonidet P-40), which reached a maximum at 9-10 ethylene oxide units. Resistant lines were also highly collaterally sensitive (17-fold) to dibutylphthalate. mdrl transfectants showed cross-resistance to cationic amphiphiles, but no collateral sensitivity to nonionic species. Triton X-100/Nonidet P-40 inhibited 3H-azidopine photoaffinity labelling at low concentrations, perhaps reflecting a specific interaction with P-glycoprotein. Further investigation of the molecular basis of collateral sensitivity revealed that association of 3H-Triton X-100 with MDR cells reached steady state levels rapidly, and occurred by a non-mediated mechanism. The equilibrium level of X-100 uptake was inversely related to drug resistance. Collateral sensitivity is thus not a result of decreased Triton X-100 association with the cell. The fluorescent probe merocyanine 540 was used to examine the MDR plasma membrane microenvironment for physicochemical changes. Increasing levels of drug resistance correlated with a progressive shift in the mean cell fluorescence to lower levels, which suggests that the packing density in the outer leaflet of MDR cells is increased relative to that of the drug-sensitive parent.

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Interaction of multidrug-resistant Chinese hamster ovary cells with amphiphiles.

Loe DW, Sharom FJ - Br. J. Cancer (1993)

© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC1968548&req=5

Bottom Line: Cross-resistance to cationic amphiphiles was observed, which was effectively sensitised by verapamil.Collateral sensitivity is thus not a result of decreased Triton X-100 association with the cell.Increasing levels of drug resistance correlated with a progressive shift in the mean cell fluorescence to lower levels, which suggests that the packing density in the outer leaflet of MDR cells is increased relative to that of the drug-sensitive parent.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

ABSTRACT
The interaction of membrane-active amphiphiles with a series of MDR Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines was investigated. Cross-resistance to cationic amphiphiles was observed, which was effectively sensitised by verapamil. MDR cells showed collateral sensitivity to polyoxyethylene amphiphiles (Triton X-100/Nonidet P-40), which reached a maximum at 9-10 ethylene oxide units. Resistant lines were also highly collaterally sensitive (17-fold) to dibutylphthalate. mdrl transfectants showed cross-resistance to cationic amphiphiles, but no collateral sensitivity to nonionic species. Triton X-100/Nonidet P-40 inhibited 3H-azidopine photoaffinity labelling at low concentrations, perhaps reflecting a specific interaction with P-glycoprotein. Further investigation of the molecular basis of collateral sensitivity revealed that association of 3H-Triton X-100 with MDR cells reached steady state levels rapidly, and occurred by a non-mediated mechanism. The equilibrium level of X-100 uptake was inversely related to drug resistance. Collateral sensitivity is thus not a result of decreased Triton X-100 association with the cell. The fluorescent probe merocyanine 540 was used to examine the MDR plasma membrane microenvironment for physicochemical changes. Increasing levels of drug resistance correlated with a progressive shift in the mean cell fluorescence to lower levels, which suggests that the packing density in the outer leaflet of MDR cells is increased relative to that of the drug-sensitive parent.

Show MeSH