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Use of traditional medicines in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Tanzania: a case in the Bukoba rural district.

Kisangau DP, Lyaruu HV, Hosea KM, Joseph CC - J Ethnobiol Ethnomed (2007)

Bottom Line: Factor of informant consensus (Fic) was used to analyze the ethnobotanical importance of the plants.In the present study, 75 plant species belonging to 66 genera and 41 families were found to be used to treat one or more HIV/AIDS related infections in the district.It is concluded that the ethnopharmacological information reported forms a basis for further research to identify and isolate bioactive constituents that can be developed to drugs for the management of the HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Botany, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. kisangau@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Ethnobotanical surveys were carried out to document herbal remedies used in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Bukoba Rural district, Tanzania. The district is currently an epicenter of HIV/AIDS and although over 90% of the population in the district relies on traditional medicines to manage the disease, this knowledge is impressionistic and not well documented. The HIV/AIDS opportunistic conditions considered during the study were Tuberculosis (TB), Herpes zoster (Shingles), Herpes simplex (Genital herpes), Oral candidiasis and Cryptococcal meningitis. Other symptomatic but undefined conditions considered were skin rashes and chronic diarrhea.

Methods: An open-ended semi-structured questionnaire was used in collecting field information. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the ethnobotanical data collected. Factor of informant consensus (Fic) was used to analyze the ethnobotanical importance of the plants.

Results: In the present study, 75 plant species belonging to 66 genera and 41 families were found to be used to treat one or more HIV/AIDS related infections in the district. The study revealed that TB and oral candidiasis were the most common manifestations of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections affecting most of the population in the area. It unveils the first detailed account of ethnomedical documentation of plants focusing the management of HIV/AIDS related infections in the district.

Conclusion: It is concluded that the ethnopharmacological information reported forms a basis for further research to identify and isolate bioactive constituents that can be developed to drugs for the management of the HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections.

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Disease conditions versus the number of plant species used to treat them.
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Figure 2: Disease conditions versus the number of plant species used to treat them.

Mentions: A total of thirty herbal practitioners aged between 32 and 80 years of age were interviewed during the study. Twenty two out of the thirty respondents (73%) were above 50 years of age. Twenty one of these were women and only nine were men, constituting a percentage of 70% and 30% respectively. Majority of the respondents were peasant farmers and non- educated. It was found that most informants could unambiguously characterize symptoms of the targeted HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections without much problem. During the study, 75 plant species in 66 genera and 41 families were known to be used to treat one or more of the reported HIV/AIDS related infections in the district. The families Anacardiaceae, Asteraceae, Capparaceae, Clusiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Papillionaceae, Rubiaceae, Myrtaceae, Mimosaceae and Lamiaceae constituted 52% of all the reported plant species, with each family having three or more species associated with the treatment of the opportunistic infections documented. The highest number of plant species used to treat the various conditions was recorded for TB which had 27 of the 75 documented species. It was followed by oral candidiasis with 25, Herpes zoster (23), H. simplex (23), skin rashes (23) chronic diarrhea (21) and cryptococcal meningitis (17) (Fig. 2). Thirty five of the 75 plant species were used to manage only one of the seven conditions reported, 39 were used to manage two up to six of the conditions, while one plant species only, Capparis erythrocarpos was used to treat all the seven reported disease conditions.


Use of traditional medicines in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Tanzania: a case in the Bukoba rural district.

Kisangau DP, Lyaruu HV, Hosea KM, Joseph CC - J Ethnobiol Ethnomed (2007)

Disease conditions versus the number of plant species used to treat them.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC1941724&req=5

Figure 2: Disease conditions versus the number of plant species used to treat them.
Mentions: A total of thirty herbal practitioners aged between 32 and 80 years of age were interviewed during the study. Twenty two out of the thirty respondents (73%) were above 50 years of age. Twenty one of these were women and only nine were men, constituting a percentage of 70% and 30% respectively. Majority of the respondents were peasant farmers and non- educated. It was found that most informants could unambiguously characterize symptoms of the targeted HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections without much problem. During the study, 75 plant species in 66 genera and 41 families were known to be used to treat one or more of the reported HIV/AIDS related infections in the district. The families Anacardiaceae, Asteraceae, Capparaceae, Clusiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Papillionaceae, Rubiaceae, Myrtaceae, Mimosaceae and Lamiaceae constituted 52% of all the reported plant species, with each family having three or more species associated with the treatment of the opportunistic infections documented. The highest number of plant species used to treat the various conditions was recorded for TB which had 27 of the 75 documented species. It was followed by oral candidiasis with 25, Herpes zoster (23), H. simplex (23), skin rashes (23) chronic diarrhea (21) and cryptococcal meningitis (17) (Fig. 2). Thirty five of the 75 plant species were used to manage only one of the seven conditions reported, 39 were used to manage two up to six of the conditions, while one plant species only, Capparis erythrocarpos was used to treat all the seven reported disease conditions.

Bottom Line: Factor of informant consensus (Fic) was used to analyze the ethnobotanical importance of the plants.In the present study, 75 plant species belonging to 66 genera and 41 families were found to be used to treat one or more HIV/AIDS related infections in the district.It is concluded that the ethnopharmacological information reported forms a basis for further research to identify and isolate bioactive constituents that can be developed to drugs for the management of the HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Botany, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. kisangau@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Ethnobotanical surveys were carried out to document herbal remedies used in the management of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Bukoba Rural district, Tanzania. The district is currently an epicenter of HIV/AIDS and although over 90% of the population in the district relies on traditional medicines to manage the disease, this knowledge is impressionistic and not well documented. The HIV/AIDS opportunistic conditions considered during the study were Tuberculosis (TB), Herpes zoster (Shingles), Herpes simplex (Genital herpes), Oral candidiasis and Cryptococcal meningitis. Other symptomatic but undefined conditions considered were skin rashes and chronic diarrhea.

Methods: An open-ended semi-structured questionnaire was used in collecting field information. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the ethnobotanical data collected. Factor of informant consensus (Fic) was used to analyze the ethnobotanical importance of the plants.

Results: In the present study, 75 plant species belonging to 66 genera and 41 families were found to be used to treat one or more HIV/AIDS related infections in the district. The study revealed that TB and oral candidiasis were the most common manifestations of HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections affecting most of the population in the area. It unveils the first detailed account of ethnomedical documentation of plants focusing the management of HIV/AIDS related infections in the district.

Conclusion: It is concluded that the ethnopharmacological information reported forms a basis for further research to identify and isolate bioactive constituents that can be developed to drugs for the management of the HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus