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Complementary and alternative medicine use among US Navy and Marine Corps personnel.

Smith TC, Ryan MA, Smith B, Reed RJ, Riddle JR, Gumbs GR, Gray GC - BMC Complement Altern Med (2007)

Bottom Line: Modeling revealed that CAM use was most common among personnel who were women, white, and officers.Higher levels of recent physical pain and lower levels of satisfaction with conventional medical care were significantly associated with increased odds of reporting CAM use.These data suggest that CAM use is prevalent in the US military and consistent with patterns in other US civilian populations.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA. smith@nhrc.navy.mil

ABSTRACT

Background: Recently, numerous studies have revealed an increase in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in US civilian populations. In contrast, few studies have examined CAM use within military populations, which have ready access to conventional medicine. Currently, the prevalence and impact of CAM use in US military populations remains unknown.

Methods: To investigate CAM use in US Navy and Marine Corps personnel, the authors surveyed a stratified random sample of 5,000 active duty and Reserve/National Guard members between December 2000 and July 2002. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression were used to assess univariate associations and adjusted odds of CAM use in this population.

Results and discussion: Of 3,683 service members contacted, 1,446 (39.3%) returned a questionnaire and 1,305 gave complete demographic and survey data suitable for study. Among respondents, more than 37% reported using at least one CAM therapy during the past year. Herbal therapies were among the most commonly reported (15.9%). Most respondents (69.8%) reported their health as being very good or excellent. Modeling revealed that CAM use was most common among personnel who were women, white, and officers. Higher levels of recent physical pain and lower levels of satisfaction with conventional medical care were significantly associated with increased odds of reporting CAM use.

Conclusion: These data suggest that CAM use is prevalent in the US military and consistent with patterns in other US civilian populations. Because there is much to be learned about CAM use along with allopathic therapy, US military medical professionals should record CAM therapies when collecting medical history data.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Percentage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among active-duty US Navy and Marine Corps personnel, from least used (hypnosis) to most used (herbal therapy). For each CAM treatment, the percentage of individuals who reported using at least one additional CAM treatment and the percentage of individuals who reported using only that CAM treatment are shown.
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Figure 1: Percentage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among active-duty US Navy and Marine Corps personnel, from least used (hypnosis) to most used (herbal therapy). For each CAM treatment, the percentage of individuals who reported using at least one additional CAM treatment and the percentage of individuals who reported using only that CAM treatment are shown.

Mentions: CAM use was reported in more than one third of study participants (37.2%). The least frequently used CAM treatments were hypnosis, biofeedback, and homeopathy, while the most frequently used treatments were herbal therapy, massage, and high-dose megavitamin therapy (See Figure 1). A person who reported using any one type of treatment was likely to report using others, although folk remedies were most often used alone rather than with other CAM treatments. Several treatments were consistently reported together; almost 55% of individuals who used acupuncture also used massage; 67% of individuals who used hypnosis also used relaxation, and 78% of individuals who used homeopathy also used herbal therapy.


Complementary and alternative medicine use among US Navy and Marine Corps personnel.

Smith TC, Ryan MA, Smith B, Reed RJ, Riddle JR, Gumbs GR, Gray GC - BMC Complement Altern Med (2007)

Percentage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among active-duty US Navy and Marine Corps personnel, from least used (hypnosis) to most used (herbal therapy). For each CAM treatment, the percentage of individuals who reported using at least one additional CAM treatment and the percentage of individuals who reported using only that CAM treatment are shown.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC1884175&req=5

Figure 1: Percentage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use among active-duty US Navy and Marine Corps personnel, from least used (hypnosis) to most used (herbal therapy). For each CAM treatment, the percentage of individuals who reported using at least one additional CAM treatment and the percentage of individuals who reported using only that CAM treatment are shown.
Mentions: CAM use was reported in more than one third of study participants (37.2%). The least frequently used CAM treatments were hypnosis, biofeedback, and homeopathy, while the most frequently used treatments were herbal therapy, massage, and high-dose megavitamin therapy (See Figure 1). A person who reported using any one type of treatment was likely to report using others, although folk remedies were most often used alone rather than with other CAM treatments. Several treatments were consistently reported together; almost 55% of individuals who used acupuncture also used massage; 67% of individuals who used hypnosis also used relaxation, and 78% of individuals who used homeopathy also used herbal therapy.

Bottom Line: Modeling revealed that CAM use was most common among personnel who were women, white, and officers.Higher levels of recent physical pain and lower levels of satisfaction with conventional medical care were significantly associated with increased odds of reporting CAM use.These data suggest that CAM use is prevalent in the US military and consistent with patterns in other US civilian populations.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Defense Center for Deployment Health Research at the Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA. smith@nhrc.navy.mil

ABSTRACT

Background: Recently, numerous studies have revealed an increase in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in US civilian populations. In contrast, few studies have examined CAM use within military populations, which have ready access to conventional medicine. Currently, the prevalence and impact of CAM use in US military populations remains unknown.

Methods: To investigate CAM use in US Navy and Marine Corps personnel, the authors surveyed a stratified random sample of 5,000 active duty and Reserve/National Guard members between December 2000 and July 2002. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression were used to assess univariate associations and adjusted odds of CAM use in this population.

Results and discussion: Of 3,683 service members contacted, 1,446 (39.3%) returned a questionnaire and 1,305 gave complete demographic and survey data suitable for study. Among respondents, more than 37% reported using at least one CAM therapy during the past year. Herbal therapies were among the most commonly reported (15.9%). Most respondents (69.8%) reported their health as being very good or excellent. Modeling revealed that CAM use was most common among personnel who were women, white, and officers. Higher levels of recent physical pain and lower levels of satisfaction with conventional medical care were significantly associated with increased odds of reporting CAM use.

Conclusion: These data suggest that CAM use is prevalent in the US military and consistent with patterns in other US civilian populations. Because there is much to be learned about CAM use along with allopathic therapy, US military medical professionals should record CAM therapies when collecting medical history data.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus