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Inter-familial relationships of the shorebirds (Aves: Charadriiformes) based on nuclear DNA sequence data.

Ericson PG, Envall I, Irestedt M, Norman JA - BMC Evol. Biol. (2003)

Bottom Line: The DNA sequence data contains a strong phylogenetic signal that results in a well-resolved phylogenetic tree with many strongly supported internodes.Taxonomically it is the most inclusive study of shorebird families that relies on nucleotide sequences.The presented phylogenetic hypothesis provides a solid framework for analyses of macroevolution of ecological, morphological and behavioural adaptations observed within the order Charadriiformes.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Vertebrate Zoology and Molecular Systematics Laboratory, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden. per.ericson@nrm.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Phylogenetic hypotheses of higher-level relationships in the order Charadriiformes based on morphological data, partly disagree with those based on DNA-DNA hybridisation data. So far, these relationships have not been tested by analysis of DNA sequence data. Herein we utilize 1692 bp of aligned, nuclear DNA sequences obtained from 23 charadriiform species, representing 15 families. We also test earlier suggestions that bustards and sandgrouses may be nested with the charadriiforms. The data is analysed with methods based on the parsimony and maximum-likelihood criteria.

Results: Several novel phylogenetic relationships were recovered and strongly supported by the data, regardless of which method of analysis was employed. These include placing the gulls and allied groups as a sistergroup to the sandpiper-like birds, and not to the plover-like birds. The auks clearly belong to the clade with the gulls and allies, and are not basal to most other charadriiform birds as suggested in analyses of morphological data. Pluvialis, which has been supposed to belong to the plover family (Charadriidae), represents a basal branch that constitutes the sister taxon to a clade with plovers, oystercatchers and avocets. The thick-knees and sheathbills unexpectedly cluster together.

Conclusion: The DNA sequence data contains a strong phylogenetic signal that results in a well-resolved phylogenetic tree with many strongly supported internodes. Taxonomically it is the most inclusive study of shorebird families that relies on nucleotide sequences. The presented phylogenetic hypothesis provides a solid framework for analyses of macroevolution of ecological, morphological and behavioural adaptations observed within the order Charadriiformes.

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Phylogeny proposed by Chu (1995) Systematic relationships among major groups of charadriiform birds proposed by Chu (1995) based on a parsimony analysis of a morphological data set almost identical to that of Strauch (1978).
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Figure 2: Phylogeny proposed by Chu (1995) Systematic relationships among major groups of charadriiform birds proposed by Chu (1995) based on a parsimony analysis of a morphological data set almost identical to that of Strauch (1978).

Mentions: Sibley and Ahlquist [8] using DNA-DNA hybridisation data for 69 charadriiform identified only two major lineages; the Scolopaci of Strauch [3] together with Pedionomidae (plains-wanderer) and an expanded Charadrii comprising the remaining families (Fig. 2). A protein allozyme study by Christian et al. [9] also confirmed that the Burhinidae, Haematopodidae, Recurvirostridae and Charadriidae represented an assemblage distinct from the Scolopacidae. The protein study could not confirm a close association between the Laridae and the Charadriidae assemblage or between the Scolopacidae and Jacanidae, but did suggest a sister relationship between the Lari and the Glareolidae.


Inter-familial relationships of the shorebirds (Aves: Charadriiformes) based on nuclear DNA sequence data.

Ericson PG, Envall I, Irestedt M, Norman JA - BMC Evol. Biol. (2003)

Phylogeny proposed by Chu (1995) Systematic relationships among major groups of charadriiform birds proposed by Chu (1995) based on a parsimony analysis of a morphological data set almost identical to that of Strauch (1978).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC184354&req=5

Figure 2: Phylogeny proposed by Chu (1995) Systematic relationships among major groups of charadriiform birds proposed by Chu (1995) based on a parsimony analysis of a morphological data set almost identical to that of Strauch (1978).
Mentions: Sibley and Ahlquist [8] using DNA-DNA hybridisation data for 69 charadriiform identified only two major lineages; the Scolopaci of Strauch [3] together with Pedionomidae (plains-wanderer) and an expanded Charadrii comprising the remaining families (Fig. 2). A protein allozyme study by Christian et al. [9] also confirmed that the Burhinidae, Haematopodidae, Recurvirostridae and Charadriidae represented an assemblage distinct from the Scolopacidae. The protein study could not confirm a close association between the Laridae and the Charadriidae assemblage or between the Scolopacidae and Jacanidae, but did suggest a sister relationship between the Lari and the Glareolidae.

Bottom Line: The DNA sequence data contains a strong phylogenetic signal that results in a well-resolved phylogenetic tree with many strongly supported internodes.Taxonomically it is the most inclusive study of shorebird families that relies on nucleotide sequences.The presented phylogenetic hypothesis provides a solid framework for analyses of macroevolution of ecological, morphological and behavioural adaptations observed within the order Charadriiformes.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Vertebrate Zoology and Molecular Systematics Laboratory, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden. per.ericson@nrm.se

ABSTRACT

Background: Phylogenetic hypotheses of higher-level relationships in the order Charadriiformes based on morphological data, partly disagree with those based on DNA-DNA hybridisation data. So far, these relationships have not been tested by analysis of DNA sequence data. Herein we utilize 1692 bp of aligned, nuclear DNA sequences obtained from 23 charadriiform species, representing 15 families. We also test earlier suggestions that bustards and sandgrouses may be nested with the charadriiforms. The data is analysed with methods based on the parsimony and maximum-likelihood criteria.

Results: Several novel phylogenetic relationships were recovered and strongly supported by the data, regardless of which method of analysis was employed. These include placing the gulls and allied groups as a sistergroup to the sandpiper-like birds, and not to the plover-like birds. The auks clearly belong to the clade with the gulls and allies, and are not basal to most other charadriiform birds as suggested in analyses of morphological data. Pluvialis, which has been supposed to belong to the plover family (Charadriidae), represents a basal branch that constitutes the sister taxon to a clade with plovers, oystercatchers and avocets. The thick-knees and sheathbills unexpectedly cluster together.

Conclusion: The DNA sequence data contains a strong phylogenetic signal that results in a well-resolved phylogenetic tree with many strongly supported internodes. Taxonomically it is the most inclusive study of shorebird families that relies on nucleotide sequences. The presented phylogenetic hypothesis provides a solid framework for analyses of macroevolution of ecological, morphological and behavioural adaptations observed within the order Charadriiformes.

Show MeSH