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Bioassay of complex mixtures derived from fossil fuels.

Bingham E, Barkley W - Environ. Health Perspect. (1979)

Bottom Line: However, it does not follow that the lack of detectable B(a)P insures that the fraction will be noncarcinogenic.A method for testing complex mixtures for their carcinogenic potential is described.The carcinogenic potency of these fractions are compared to petroleum fractions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
The conversion or processing of shale, coal, or petroleum involves elevated temperatures and altered pressures, and under these conditions polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons are likely to form. Certain compounds of this type exhibit carcinogenic activity for a variety of organ sites in experimental animals and epidemiological evidence strongly implicates their role as carcinogens in man. It is then not unexpected that many liquid fractions derived from shale and coal are carcinogenic when subjected to bioassay. Benzo(a)pyrene, [B(a)P], is frequently considered to be an indicator substance. It is clear that when a small quantity of B(a)P is present in a fraction, the fraction will exhibit carcinogenic activity in a bioassay (mouse skin). However, it does not follow that the lack of detectable B(a)P insures that the fraction will be noncarcinogenic. Several fractions have been analyzed for their content of B(a)P and then subjected to bioassay. A method for testing complex mixtures for their carcinogenic potential is described. The carcinogenic potency of these fractions are compared to petroleum fractions.

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Bioassay of complex mixtures derived from fossil fuels.

Bingham E, Barkley W - Environ. Health Perspect. (1979)

© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC1637712&req=5

Bottom Line: However, it does not follow that the lack of detectable B(a)P insures that the fraction will be noncarcinogenic.A method for testing complex mixtures for their carcinogenic potential is described.The carcinogenic potency of these fractions are compared to petroleum fractions.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

ABSTRACT
The conversion or processing of shale, coal, or petroleum involves elevated temperatures and altered pressures, and under these conditions polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons are likely to form. Certain compounds of this type exhibit carcinogenic activity for a variety of organ sites in experimental animals and epidemiological evidence strongly implicates their role as carcinogens in man. It is then not unexpected that many liquid fractions derived from shale and coal are carcinogenic when subjected to bioassay. Benzo(a)pyrene, [B(a)P], is frequently considered to be an indicator substance. It is clear that when a small quantity of B(a)P is present in a fraction, the fraction will exhibit carcinogenic activity in a bioassay (mouse skin). However, it does not follow that the lack of detectable B(a)P insures that the fraction will be noncarcinogenic. Several fractions have been analyzed for their content of B(a)P and then subjected to bioassay. A method for testing complex mixtures for their carcinogenic potential is described. The carcinogenic potency of these fractions are compared to petroleum fractions.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus