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Dyspnea and quality of life indicators in hospice patients and their caregivers.

Moody LE, McMillan S - Health Qual Life Outcomes (2003)

Bottom Line: Patients' perceived quality of life ratings were not significantly correlated with ratings of their caregivers' perceived quality of life.For patients, symptom distress and education were significant predictors of variance in quality of life (R2 =.35, p =.04).However, mastery, symptom distress, age, and education were found to be significant predictors of variance in quality of life of caregivers (R2 =.40, p =.02).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: University of South Florida, College of Nursing,12901 Bruce B, Downs Blvd., MDC 22, Tampa, FL 33612, USA. lmoody@hsc.usf.edu

ABSTRACT
This study describe the assessment of dyspnea, symptom distress, and quality of life measures in 163 hospice patients with cancer who reported dyspnea. Mean age of the hospice patient sample was 70.22 years and 61.86 for caregivers (65% were spouses). The majority of patients and caregivers were white: 87%, 63% of the patients were male while 78% of caregivers were female. Mean dyspnea intensity as reported by patients was 4.52 (SD 2.29) and caregivers, 4.39 (SD 2.93). Patients' and caregivers' ratings of the patient's dyspnea intensity revealed no significant differences in ratings thus verifying that caregivers can assess dyspnea severity accurately. Patients' perceived quality of life ratings were not significantly correlated with ratings of their caregivers' perceived quality of life. For patients, symptom distress and education were significant predictors of variance in quality of life (R2 =.35, p =.04). However, mastery, symptom distress, age, and education were found to be significant predictors of variance in quality of life of caregivers (R2 =.40, p =.02).

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Mentions: Mean dyspnea ratings as reported by the patients was 4.52 (SD 2.29) and by the caregivers was 4.39 (SD 2.93). To address research question one, a paired, two-tailed t-test was used to assess if there were significant differences between caregivers-patient dyad ratings of the patient's dyspnea intensity. As shown in the boxplot in Figure 1, results indicated that the distribution of scores and means were almost identical (Mean difference = .-13, t = -.53, df 162, p = .59). Paired, bivariate correlation was used to determine the relationship between patient and caregiver ratings of dyspnea. The correlation between patient and caregiver scores was weak but significant (r = .33; p = .000, df 1, 162).


Dyspnea and quality of life indicators in hospice patients and their caregivers.

Moody LE, McMillan S - Health Qual Life Outcomes (2003)

© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC155633&req=5

Mentions: Mean dyspnea ratings as reported by the patients was 4.52 (SD 2.29) and by the caregivers was 4.39 (SD 2.93). To address research question one, a paired, two-tailed t-test was used to assess if there were significant differences between caregivers-patient dyad ratings of the patient's dyspnea intensity. As shown in the boxplot in Figure 1, results indicated that the distribution of scores and means were almost identical (Mean difference = .-13, t = -.53, df 162, p = .59). Paired, bivariate correlation was used to determine the relationship between patient and caregiver ratings of dyspnea. The correlation between patient and caregiver scores was weak but significant (r = .33; p = .000, df 1, 162).

Bottom Line: Patients' perceived quality of life ratings were not significantly correlated with ratings of their caregivers' perceived quality of life.For patients, symptom distress and education were significant predictors of variance in quality of life (R2 =.35, p =.04).However, mastery, symptom distress, age, and education were found to be significant predictors of variance in quality of life of caregivers (R2 =.40, p =.02).

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: University of South Florida, College of Nursing,12901 Bruce B, Downs Blvd., MDC 22, Tampa, FL 33612, USA. lmoody@hsc.usf.edu

ABSTRACT
This study describe the assessment of dyspnea, symptom distress, and quality of life measures in 163 hospice patients with cancer who reported dyspnea. Mean age of the hospice patient sample was 70.22 years and 61.86 for caregivers (65% were spouses). The majority of patients and caregivers were white: 87%, 63% of the patients were male while 78% of caregivers were female. Mean dyspnea intensity as reported by patients was 4.52 (SD 2.29) and caregivers, 4.39 (SD 2.93). Patients' and caregivers' ratings of the patient's dyspnea intensity revealed no significant differences in ratings thus verifying that caregivers can assess dyspnea severity accurately. Patients' perceived quality of life ratings were not significantly correlated with ratings of their caregivers' perceived quality of life. For patients, symptom distress and education were significant predictors of variance in quality of life (R2 =.35, p =.04). However, mastery, symptom distress, age, and education were found to be significant predictors of variance in quality of life of caregivers (R2 =.40, p =.02).

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus