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Effect of mineral particles containing iron on primary cultures of rabbit tracheal epithelial cells: possible implication of oxidative stress.

Guilianelli C, Baeza-Squiban A, Boisvieux-Ulrich E, Houcine O, Zalma R, Guennou C, Pezerat H, Marano F - Environ. Health Perspect. (1993)

Bottom Line: In addition to effects related to their geometry, particles are now assumed to act by triggering an oxidative stress process.Moreover, the effect of nemalite was reduced by pretreatment with desferrioxamine.Measures of oxidizing power by electron-spin resonance revealed that nemalite produced the most oxygen-activated species.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire de Cytophysiologie et Toxicologie Cellulaire, Université de Paris VII, France.

ABSTRACT
Environmental mineral particles such as asbestos are responsible for numerous respiratory diseases. In addition to effects related to their geometry, particles are now assumed to act by triggering an oxidative stress process. Iron-containing particles, in particular, can produce oxygen-activated species by oxidizing their iron. To evaluate the involvement of iron-containing particles in respiratory diseases, three mineral particles (chrysotile, nemalite, and hematite) were tested in primary cultures of tracheal epithelium. Because of the ciliary beat, the three mineral particles were quickly concentrated at the periphery of the mucociliary epithelium, reconstituted in vitro where they induced cellular lesions. Endocytosis of the three types of particles was observed. Cytotoxicity studies have indicated that among the tested particles, the most cytostatic after 24 hr of treatment was the one that contained more Fe2+ available on the surface, nemalite. Moreover, the effect of nemalite was reduced by pretreatment with desferrioxamine. As mineral particles, especially asbestos, are suspected to induce squamous metaplasia, we chose to study two specific transformations of the epithelium: the expression of cytokeratin-13 and the formation of cross-linked envelopes. Under our culture conditions, nemalite and chrysotile increased the expression of the cytokeratin-13, a specific marker of squamous metaplasia, whereas nemalite was the only particle able to strongly induce the formation of cross-linked envelopes. Nemalite was the most cytostatic particle and the most efficient at inducing squamous metaplasia. Measures of oxidizing power by electron-spin resonance revealed that nemalite produced the most oxygen-activated species.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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Effect of mineral particles containing iron on primary cultures of rabbit tracheal epithelial cells: possible implication of oxidative stress.

Guilianelli C, Baeza-Squiban A, Boisvieux-Ulrich E, Houcine O, Zalma R, Guennou C, Pezerat H, Marano F - Environ. Health Perspect. (1993)

© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC1519846&req=5

Bottom Line: In addition to effects related to their geometry, particles are now assumed to act by triggering an oxidative stress process.Moreover, the effect of nemalite was reduced by pretreatment with desferrioxamine.Measures of oxidizing power by electron-spin resonance revealed that nemalite produced the most oxygen-activated species.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire de Cytophysiologie et Toxicologie Cellulaire, Université de Paris VII, France.

ABSTRACT
Environmental mineral particles such as asbestos are responsible for numerous respiratory diseases. In addition to effects related to their geometry, particles are now assumed to act by triggering an oxidative stress process. Iron-containing particles, in particular, can produce oxygen-activated species by oxidizing their iron. To evaluate the involvement of iron-containing particles in respiratory diseases, three mineral particles (chrysotile, nemalite, and hematite) were tested in primary cultures of tracheal epithelium. Because of the ciliary beat, the three mineral particles were quickly concentrated at the periphery of the mucociliary epithelium, reconstituted in vitro where they induced cellular lesions. Endocytosis of the three types of particles was observed. Cytotoxicity studies have indicated that among the tested particles, the most cytostatic after 24 hr of treatment was the one that contained more Fe2+ available on the surface, nemalite. Moreover, the effect of nemalite was reduced by pretreatment with desferrioxamine. As mineral particles, especially asbestos, are suspected to induce squamous metaplasia, we chose to study two specific transformations of the epithelium: the expression of cytokeratin-13 and the formation of cross-linked envelopes. Under our culture conditions, nemalite and chrysotile increased the expression of the cytokeratin-13, a specific marker of squamous metaplasia, whereas nemalite was the only particle able to strongly induce the formation of cross-linked envelopes. Nemalite was the most cytostatic particle and the most efficient at inducing squamous metaplasia. Measures of oxidizing power by electron-spin resonance revealed that nemalite produced the most oxygen-activated species.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus