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Interaction Between Mevalonate Pathway and Retinoic Acid-Induced Differentiation.

Gueddari-Pouzols N, Duriez P, Chomienne C, Trussardi A, Jardillier JC - J. Biomed. Biotechnol. (2001)

Bottom Line: The supply of an excess of cholesterol (up to 80 &mgr;g/ml of LDL) leads to a significant decrease of cell differentiation by ATRA from 78% +/-0.1 to 54% +/-2.8.A concomitant decrease of cell growth (51% +/- 6.4) was observed.The pretreatment of cells by the geranylgeranyltransferase inhibitor (GGTI-298) has no effect on the cell differentiation process.

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ABSTRACT
All trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is a potent inducer of differentiation of HL-60 cell line. The pretreatment of the cells by compactin, a competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl (HMG) CoA reductase, during 24 hours, enhances the ATRA-induced cell differentiation. At 50 nM, the percentage of cell differentiation is 34.9% +/- 2 and 73% +/- 2.96 in the control and compactin-treated cells, respectively. The removal of compactin boosts the level of HMG-CoA reductase and therefore the biosynthesis of sterol and nonsterol isoprenoid compounds. The participation of sterol and nonsterol pathway was then investigated. The supply of an excess of cholesterol (up to 80 &mgr;g/ml of LDL) leads to a significant decrease of cell differentiation by ATRA from 78% +/-0.1 to 54% +/-2.8. A concomitant decrease of cell growth (51% +/- 6.4) was observed. The pretreatment of cells by the geranylgeranyltransferase inhibitor (GGTI-298) has no effect on the cell differentiation process. By contrast, the farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTI-II and FTI-277) completely abolish theATRA-induced differentiation, thus confirming the involvement of farnesylated proteins in the differentiation mechanism.

No MeSH data available.


Interaction between mevalonate pathway and retinoic acid-induced differentiation.
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Figure 6: Interaction between mevalonate pathway and retinoic acid-induced differentiation.

Mentions: Farnesyl proteins include Ras proteins that are involved in the transduction of mitogenic signals. In addition, our results show that compounds of the farnesyl proteins family including H-ras, N-ras, and K-ras could be involved in the retinoic acid-induced differentiation of HL-60 cells. Figure 6 shows the regulation of HMG-CoA reductase activity and the role of farnesylated proteins on growthand cell differentiation. ATRA is well known to act up on these processes but, in addition, our results show that farnesyl proteins play a key role in the ATRA-induced differentiation ofHL-60 cells. A mechanism, involving RAR and/or RXR retinoic acid receptors, cannot be excluded but requires further investigations.


Interaction Between Mevalonate Pathway and Retinoic Acid-Induced Differentiation.

Gueddari-Pouzols N, Duriez P, Chomienne C, Trussardi A, Jardillier JC - J. Biomed. Biotechnol. (2001)

Interaction between mevalonate pathway and retinoic acid-induced differentiation.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC129055&req=5

Figure 6: Interaction between mevalonate pathway and retinoic acid-induced differentiation.
Mentions: Farnesyl proteins include Ras proteins that are involved in the transduction of mitogenic signals. In addition, our results show that compounds of the farnesyl proteins family including H-ras, N-ras, and K-ras could be involved in the retinoic acid-induced differentiation of HL-60 cells. Figure 6 shows the regulation of HMG-CoA reductase activity and the role of farnesylated proteins on growthand cell differentiation. ATRA is well known to act up on these processes but, in addition, our results show that farnesyl proteins play a key role in the ATRA-induced differentiation ofHL-60 cells. A mechanism, involving RAR and/or RXR retinoic acid receptors, cannot be excluded but requires further investigations.

Bottom Line: The supply of an excess of cholesterol (up to 80 &mgr;g/ml of LDL) leads to a significant decrease of cell differentiation by ATRA from 78% +/-0.1 to 54% +/-2.8.A concomitant decrease of cell growth (51% +/- 6.4) was observed.The pretreatment of cells by the geranylgeranyltransferase inhibitor (GGTI-298) has no effect on the cell differentiation process.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

ABSTRACT
All trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is a potent inducer of differentiation of HL-60 cell line. The pretreatment of the cells by compactin, a competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl (HMG) CoA reductase, during 24 hours, enhances the ATRA-induced cell differentiation. At 50 nM, the percentage of cell differentiation is 34.9% +/- 2 and 73% +/- 2.96 in the control and compactin-treated cells, respectively. The removal of compactin boosts the level of HMG-CoA reductase and therefore the biosynthesis of sterol and nonsterol isoprenoid compounds. The participation of sterol and nonsterol pathway was then investigated. The supply of an excess of cholesterol (up to 80 &mgr;g/ml of LDL) leads to a significant decrease of cell differentiation by ATRA from 78% +/-0.1 to 54% +/-2.8. A concomitant decrease of cell growth (51% +/- 6.4) was observed. The pretreatment of cells by the geranylgeranyltransferase inhibitor (GGTI-298) has no effect on the cell differentiation process. By contrast, the farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTI-II and FTI-277) completely abolish theATRA-induced differentiation, thus confirming the involvement of farnesylated proteins in the differentiation mechanism.

No MeSH data available.