Limits...
Interconversion of Anthozoa GFP-like fluorescent and non-fluorescent proteins by mutagenesis.

Bulina ME, Chudakov DM, Mudrik NN, Lukyanov KA - BMC Biochem. (2002)

Bottom Line: For asCP, some substitutions at positions 148 and 165 (numbering in accordance to GFP) were found to dramatically increase quantum yield of red fluorescence.For DsRed, substitutions at positions 148, 165, 167, and 203 significantly decreased fluorescence intensity, so that the spectral characteristics of these mutants became more close to those of CPs.We located a novel point in asCP sequence (position 165) mutations at which can result in red fluorescence appearance.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Shemiakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry RAS, Miklukho-Maklaya 16/10, 117997 Moscow, Russia. biomasha@mail.ru

ABSTRACT

Background: Within the family of green fluorescent protein (GFP) homologs, one can mark two main groups, specifically, fluorescent proteins (FPs) and non-fluorescent or chromoproteins (CPs). Structural background of differences between FPs and CPs are poorly understood to date.

Results: Here, we applied site-directed and random mutagenesis in order to to transform CP into FP and vice versa. A purple chromoprotein asCP (asFP595) from Anemonia sulcata and a red fluorescent protein DsRed from Discosoma sp. were selected as representatives of CPs and FPs, respectively. For asCP, some substitutions at positions 148 and 165 (numbering in accordance to GFP) were found to dramatically increase quantum yield of red fluorescence. For DsRed, substitutions at positions 148, 165, 167, and 203 significantly decreased fluorescence intensity, so that the spectral characteristics of these mutants became more close to those of CPs. Finally, a practically non-fluorescent mutant DsRed-NF was generated. This mutant carried four amino acid substitutions, specifically, S148C, I165N, K167M, and S203A. DsRed-NF possessed a high extinction coefficient and an extremely low quantum yield (< 0.001). These spectral characteristics allow one to regard DsRed-NF as a true chromoprotein.

Conclusions: We located a novel point in asCP sequence (position 165) mutations at which can result in red fluorescence appearance. Probably, this finding could be applied onto other CPs to generate red and far-red fluorescent mutants. A possibility to transform an FP into CP was demonstrated. Key role of residues adjacent to chromophore's phenolic ring in fluorescent/non-fluorescent states determination was revealed.

Show MeSH

Related in: MedlinePlus

Sequence alignment of asCP, GFP, and DsRed proteins. The numbering is based on GFP. Introduced gaps are represented by dashes. The residues whose side chains form the interior of the β-can are shaded. Mutations introduced in asCP and DsRed are designated under and below their sequences, respectively.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC113743&req=5

Figure 1: Sequence alignment of asCP, GFP, and DsRed proteins. The numbering is based on GFP. Introduced gaps are represented by dashes. The residues whose side chains form the interior of the β-can are shaded. Mutations introduced in asCP and DsRed are designated under and below their sequences, respectively.

Mentions: Peculiarities of structure that make each GFP-like protein fluorescent or non-fluorescent are poorly understood to date. Only the importance of position 148 (we will use numbering in accordance to GFP, see Fig. 1) was demonstrated in experiments on appearance of fluorescence in CPs [3,6]. Introduction of Ser148 into several CPs made them clearly fluorescent, although the emission brightness of these mutants was significantly lower in comparison with wild type FPs.


Interconversion of Anthozoa GFP-like fluorescent and non-fluorescent proteins by mutagenesis.

Bulina ME, Chudakov DM, Mudrik NN, Lukyanov KA - BMC Biochem. (2002)

Sequence alignment of asCP, GFP, and DsRed proteins. The numbering is based on GFP. Introduced gaps are represented by dashes. The residues whose side chains form the interior of the β-can are shaded. Mutations introduced in asCP and DsRed are designated under and below their sequences, respectively.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC113743&req=5

Figure 1: Sequence alignment of asCP, GFP, and DsRed proteins. The numbering is based on GFP. Introduced gaps are represented by dashes. The residues whose side chains form the interior of the β-can are shaded. Mutations introduced in asCP and DsRed are designated under and below their sequences, respectively.
Mentions: Peculiarities of structure that make each GFP-like protein fluorescent or non-fluorescent are poorly understood to date. Only the importance of position 148 (we will use numbering in accordance to GFP, see Fig. 1) was demonstrated in experiments on appearance of fluorescence in CPs [3,6]. Introduction of Ser148 into several CPs made them clearly fluorescent, although the emission brightness of these mutants was significantly lower in comparison with wild type FPs.

Bottom Line: For asCP, some substitutions at positions 148 and 165 (numbering in accordance to GFP) were found to dramatically increase quantum yield of red fluorescence.For DsRed, substitutions at positions 148, 165, 167, and 203 significantly decreased fluorescence intensity, so that the spectral characteristics of these mutants became more close to those of CPs.We located a novel point in asCP sequence (position 165) mutations at which can result in red fluorescence appearance.

View Article: PubMed Central - HTML - PubMed

Affiliation: Shemiakin and Ovchinnikov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry RAS, Miklukho-Maklaya 16/10, 117997 Moscow, Russia. biomasha@mail.ru

ABSTRACT

Background: Within the family of green fluorescent protein (GFP) homologs, one can mark two main groups, specifically, fluorescent proteins (FPs) and non-fluorescent or chromoproteins (CPs). Structural background of differences between FPs and CPs are poorly understood to date.

Results: Here, we applied site-directed and random mutagenesis in order to to transform CP into FP and vice versa. A purple chromoprotein asCP (asFP595) from Anemonia sulcata and a red fluorescent protein DsRed from Discosoma sp. were selected as representatives of CPs and FPs, respectively. For asCP, some substitutions at positions 148 and 165 (numbering in accordance to GFP) were found to dramatically increase quantum yield of red fluorescence. For DsRed, substitutions at positions 148, 165, 167, and 203 significantly decreased fluorescence intensity, so that the spectral characteristics of these mutants became more close to those of CPs. Finally, a practically non-fluorescent mutant DsRed-NF was generated. This mutant carried four amino acid substitutions, specifically, S148C, I165N, K167M, and S203A. DsRed-NF possessed a high extinction coefficient and an extremely low quantum yield (< 0.001). These spectral characteristics allow one to regard DsRed-NF as a true chromoprotein.

Conclusions: We located a novel point in asCP sequence (position 165) mutations at which can result in red fluorescence appearance. Probably, this finding could be applied onto other CPs to generate red and far-red fluorescent mutants. A possibility to transform an FP into CP was demonstrated. Key role of residues adjacent to chromophore's phenolic ring in fluorescent/non-fluorescent states determination was revealed.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus