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Mentions: We have previously determined that the biochemical mechanism by which the SULT1A1*2 allozyme is associated with low activity includes both low intrinsic turnover of substrates by the enzyme (Fig. 2) as well as faster cellular degradation of the SULT1A1*2 protein such that SULT1A1*1 has a threefold longer cellular half-life than SULT1A1*2  (manuscript submitted). We have also confirmed that there is no difference in the cellular stability of the SULT1A1*1 versus SULT1A1*2 mRNA. We therefore selected clones for further proliferative analysis based on the expression of equal levels of mRNA to mimic the biological mechanisms contributing to pharmacogenetic SULT1A1 variability. Selected clones expressed equal levels of SULT1A1 mRNA, yet, as expected, western blot analysis revealed that the protein levels differed such that cells expressing SULT1A1*1 expressed threefold higher levels of SULT1A1 protein than cells expressing SULT1A1*2 (data not shown). Native MCF7 cells are heterozygous for SULT1A1*1/*2 and native levels of expression of the SULT1A1 protein are negligible compared with the levels expressed in the stable cell lines.
Genetic polymorphisms in human SULT1A1 and UGT1A1 genes associate with breast tumor characteristics: a case-series study
Bottom Line: Individuals with low-activity UGT1A1 genotypes (UGT1A1*28/*28 or UGT1A1*28/*34) were more likely to have an age at diagnosis >or=60 years (odds ratio = 3.70, 95% confidence interval = 1.33-10.00, P = 0.01).Individuals with both SULT1A1 and UGT1A1 high-activity genotypes had low tumor grade (odds ratio = 2.56, 95% confidence interval = 1.04-6.25, P = 0.05).Upon stratification by estrogen receptor status, significant associations were observed predominantly in estrogen receptor-negative tumors.The data suggest that genetic variation in SULT1A1 and UGT1A1 may influence breast cancer characteristics and might be important for breast cancer prognosis.
Affiliation: Department of Pharmacology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: Estrogens are important in breast cancer development. SULT1A1 and UGT1A1 catalyze estrogen metabolism and are polymorphic. The SULT1A1*2 protein exhibits low activity, and a TA repeat within the UGT1A1 promoter alters the level of expression of the protein. We hypothesized that the SULT1A1*2 allozyme has decreased capacity to sulfate estrogens, that the SULT1A1*2 allele conferred increased capacity of cells to proliferate in response to estrogens, and that individuals with the variant SULT1A1 and UGT1A1 genotypes exhibited different breast tumor characteristics.The capacity for SULT1A1*2 to sulfate 17beta-estradiol and the capacity for cells expressing SULT1A1*1 or SULT1A1*2 to proliferate in response to 17beta-estradiol was evaluated. A case-series study was performed in a total of 210 women with incident breast cancer, including 177 Caucasians, 25 African-Americans and eight women of other ethnic background. The SULT1A1 and UGT1A1 genotypes were determined and a logistic regression model was used to analyze genotype-phenotype associations.We determined that the SULT1A1*1/*1 high-activity genotype was associated with tumor size
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